Mirwaiz prays for a strong and stable Pakistan

Srinagar, MTT News Desk: The Chairman of All Parties Hurriyat Conference (M) (APHC-M), Mirwaiz Umar Farooq has written a letter to the Pakistan High Commissioner in New Delhi, Salman Bashir briefing him about the prevailing situation in Occupied State of Jammu & Kashmir (OSJK).

An APHC spokesman in statement issued in Srinagar said that the letter was handed over to the Pakistan High Commissioner by senior APHC leader, Agha Syed Al-Moosvi Al-Safvi in New Delhi during the Pakistan Day function.

In the letter, Mirwaiz on behalf of Hurriyat and Kashmiri people, prayed for a sustainable, stable and progressive Pakistan, the statement added.

Meanwhile, a Hurriyat spokesman denounced the police crackdown on youth in Kashmir, especially in Srinagar. The police are conducting nocturnal raids during which they terrorize people and ransack their belongings. Lethal gases like pepper gas are adding to the woes of people. People are complaining of various diseases due to frequent use of pepper gas, the statement said.

The police are giving a collective punishment to the people who are demanding end to oppression.

The spokesman in the statement said that such repressive measures were initiated by the authorities to break the will of Kashmiris. But such aggressive policies wont prevent people from pursuing their cherished goal of freedom, he said.

Meanwhile, on the instruction of the APHC Chairman, a delegation led by Ghulam Qadir Beigh visited Tujgari Mohalla, Nowhatta and took stock of the situation after 31 residential houses were gutted on Saturday. The delegation expressed sympathy with the victims and stressed their immediate rehabilitation.

Air Commodore M.M.Alam (1935-2013)

Tribute by Brig. (Retd) Usman Khalid

Air Commodore M.M.Alam with F-86 Sabre fighter that shot down five Indian aircraft in one sortie.

This is the third time I am writing a tribute for a departed friend. The first time it was the death of an icon Mr Justice Safdar Shah when I wrote under the title of Death of Hope. The legal fraternity did not rise up against General Zia ul Haq at that time in response to the call of Mr Justice Safdar Shah. But it did rise to the occasion in 2007-2009 when General Musharraf dismissed the Chief Justice and many more judges of the Supreme and High Court. It would be no exaggeration to say the defiance of Mr Justice Safdar Shah set the stage for defiance of Musharraf by the legal profession. Today, hopelessness has given way to hope and Mr Justice Safdar Shah has emerged as an icon of standing up for justice and rule of law.

The second time it was the death of my dear friend Major General M. Imtiaz Ali, Defence Advisor (Minister) in the first cabinet of Benazir Bhutto, who is an unsung hero who very few people know as the real father of the missile programme of Pakistan. But he also played an important role as Military Secretary to Prime Minister Bhutto in doing the right thing in the face of diverse political pressures. Most of what he did will for ever remain outside public gaze but there is one thing of importance that I will reveal now as it concerns Air Commodore M.M.Alam who died on 17 March 2013. Alam was my course mate (6TH JSPCTS) and a life long friend. He is more than an icon; he became a legend in his life time a symbol of fearless valour. He shot down five Indian aircraft in one sortie in less than a minute a world record. If I remember correctly the total number of Indian aircraft he shot down during the 1965 Indo-Pakistan War was fourteen (14).

Air Commodore M.M.Alam hailed from East Pakistan. His family migrated from West Bengal in 1947. He would often tell his friends that when travelling from Calcutta to Dhaka, young boys took great pride in overwriting the names of cities on milestones in Urdu. It was taken for granted, he would tell, that Urdu would be the common language of both East and West Pakistan. But then politics came in the way. It was considered prudent by Bengali politicians most of who spoke Urdu at home and could not read or write Bengali, to demand that Bengali be a state language. He was one Bengali who was Pakistani first and was completely at home in West Pakistan among brother officers. He always stressed that it was the need of Bengali Muslims more than West Pakistanis to be accepted as a part of the mainstream. He has since been proved right. Separated from West Pakistan Bangladesh is being Hinduised and is in danger of becoming absorbed by India.

Recognising the foreign enemy is an essential part of crystallising national personality. Some times, recognising the internal enemy is even more important in order to preclude subversion. In East Pakistan, the Hindu minority were the obvious potential fifth column but because of the practice of caste apartheid by them its role was confined and limited. But in West Pakistan that minority was the Qadiani community which had supported the PPP led by Mr Bhutto in 1971 Elections. Upon assumption of office Prime Minister Bhutto had appointed a Qadiani as the Naval and Air Force Chief. General Tikka was the Army Chief but the next senior most General in the Army was a Qadiani. I remember that we often used to joke that the country was one heartbeat away from being taken over by the Qadianis. M.M.Alam had a direct and personal experience of what that meant. There was an attempted coup d├ętat by middle rank officers against Bhutto Administration in 1972. Air Marshal Zafar Chaudhry, the Air Force Chief at the time, felt so threatened by the widely revered, popular and outspoken M.M.Alam that he included his name among those involved in the Rawalpindi Conspiracy Case. Alam was arrested and put behind bars in an Air Force cell. There was an outcry in disbelief and Alam had to be released.

I had met M.M.Alam again in Ankara (Turkey) where I was the Principal Staff Officer to General Akhtar Malik in CENTO and he was commanding the first Mirage Squadron which was being ferried from France to Pakistan via Turkey. I had remained in touch with Alam ever since. When he got on the wrong side of the Air Chief he came to see me at my house in Gulistan Colony in Rawalpindi. I went with him to General Imtiaz who was then MS to the Prime Minister. He listened attentively to Alam, asked us to wait in his office and went to see the Prime Minister. He came back after several minutes and asked who would be a good Chief of the Air Force. Alam named Air Commodore Zulfikar who was the senior most but was on leave pending retirement, (LPR). We left not knowing what might be the decision. The next day the news was splashed all over that the Air Marshal Zafar Chaudhry had been relieved and Air Marshal Zulfikar promoted and appointed Air Chief. Clearly, General Imtiaz had tied all the loose ends.

There were four witnesses of that event. Prime Minister Bhutto, General Imtiaz and Air Commodore Alam are all dead. I am the only one alive. If I do not tell the story the truth would never become known. I have to tell this story because M.M.Alam was much more than just brave. He was a true Mujahid who stood up against the internal as well as the external enemy. He never married and his legacy is not children or property. In his later years he was a true Muallim, who never tired of speaking what others are afraid to speak about. Sheikh Mujib was a traitor who was an enemy collaborator as bad as Mir Jaffer of Bengal and Sadiq of Deccan. We secured our freedom from British rule because we called Mir Jaffer and Sadiq as traitors. Bangladesh would get deeper into the clutches of India if its people did not put Sheikh Mujib alongside Mir Jaffer and Sadiq. More important, if Sheikh Mujib continues to be celebrated as a hero and liberator, there will be more of them in Baluchistan, Sindh and elsewhere in Pakistan.

Bangladesh and Pakistan

By Prof. Dr. Sajid Khakwani

Bangladesh is a sovereign state located in South Asia. It is bordered by India on all sides except for a small border with Burma (Myanmar) to the far southeast and by the Bay of Bengal to the south. The capital (and largest city) is Dhaka, which is the hub of all cultural, political and religious affairs. Together with the Indian state of West Bengal, it makes up the ethno-linguistic region of Bengal.

It is a founding member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, the D-8 and BIMSTEC(Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi Sector Technical and Economic Cooperation), and a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and the Non-Aligned Movement.

Bangladesh is a unitary state (governed as one single unit ) and parliamentary democracy. Direct elections in which all citizens, aged 18 or over, can vote are held every five years for the unicameral parliament. Currently the parliament has 345 members including 45 reserved seats for women, elected from single-member constituencies. The Prime Minister, as the head of government, forms the cabinet and runs the day-to-day affairs of state. While the Prime Minister is formally appointed by the President, he or she must be an MP who commands the confidence of the majority of parliament. The President is the head of state but mainly a ceremonial post elected by the parliament. The Constitution of Bangladesh was drafted in 1972 and has undergone 14 amendments. The highest judicial body is the Supreme Court. Judges are appointed by the President.

Bangladesh pursues a moderate foreign policy that places heavy reliance on multinational diplomacy, especially at the United Nations. In 1974 Bangladesh joined both the Commonwealth of Nations and the United Nations and has since been elected to serve two terms on the Security Council in 19781979 and 20002001. In the 1980s, Bangladesh played a lead role in founding the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) in order to expand relations with other South Asian states. Since the founding of SAARC 1985, a Bangladeshi has held the post of Secretary General on two occasions.

Bangladesh enjoys relatively warm ties with the People’s Republic of China which has, particularly in the past decade, increased economic cooperation with the South Asian nation. Between 2006 and 2007, trade between the two nations rose by 28.5% and there have been agreements to grant various Bangladeshi commodities tariff-free access to the Chinese market. Cooperation between the Military of Bangladesh and the People’s Liberation Army is also increasing, with joint military agreements signed and Bangladesh procuring Chinese arms which range from small arms to large naval surface combatants such as the Chinese Type 053H1 Missile Frigate.

A major source of tension between Bangladesh and India is the Farakka Dam. In 1975, India constructed a dam on the Ganges River 18 km from the Bangladeshi border. Bangladesh alleges that the dam diverts much needed water from Bangladesh and adds a man-made disaster to the country already plagued by natural disasters. The dam has had terrible ecological consequences. There are so many other sources of tension between the nations. India has voiced concerns about anti-Indian separatists and Islamic militants. The same two factors are bone of content in between Pakistan and India. India has ever disliked country for all the neighboring countries.

Bangladesh is among the countries most prone to natural floods, tornados and cyclones. Also, there is evidence that earthquakes pose a threat to the country. Evidence shows that tectonics have caused rivers to shift course suddenly and dramatically. It has been shown that rainy-season flooding in Bangladesh, on the worlds largest river delta, can push the underlying crust down by as much as 6 centimeters. Bangladesh is now widely recognized to be one of the countries most vulnerable to climate change. Natural hazards that come from increased rainfall, rising sea levels, and tropical cyclones are expected to increase as climate changes, each seriously affecting agriculture, water & food security, human health and shelter. It is believed that in the coming decades the rising sea level alone will create more than 20 million climate refugees. Bangladeshi water is contaminated with arsenic frequently because of the high arsenic contents in the soil.

Being members of OIC Pakistan & Bangladesh are two brother countries. The people of both of the countries are one nation and have very strong bonds of Muslim brother hood. Pakistan and Bangladesh are part of Sub-Continent; due to this territorial relativity both of the countries have almost same interests to meet and same challenges to face. Especially Pakistan & Bangladesh are not in the good books of India. In several times India has given tuff times to the both of the brother countries and these two countries have very good and ideal relations with China. So with the same interests and same challenges, same enemy and same friend are some of the so many common matters of friend ship between Pakistan and Bangladesh.

3 Indian soldiers injured in fighting with Mujahadeen

Srinagar, MTT News Desk: In Occupied State of Jammu & Kashmir (OSJK), at least three Indian army soldiers are critically injured in a fight with Mujahadeen e Kashmir in Srinagar district.

The Mujahadeen conducted an attack on Indian army in Nowgam area on the outskirts of Srinagar on Thursday morning, officials said.

They said the injured personnel were rushed to the hospital and search operations have been launched against Mujahadeen e Kashmir.

India is occupying OSJK since 66 years through use of its military. The Kashmiri never accepted Indian occupation and since then, struggling for the right of self-determination.

Kashmir is an un-resolved part of dividing Hindustan into India and Pakistan. The people of Kashmir want to join Pakistan while India is trying to force them to become part India using its armed forces.

Hundreds of thousands of innocent Kashmiris are killed by Indian army so far, while 10s of thousands of Kashmiri women were raped by the same Indian army.

4th F-22 P Frigate for Pakistan Navy

By Zaheerul Hassan

Handing over two pusher tugs on Tuesday, Karachi Shipyard & Engineering Works (KS&EW) is all set to deliver to Pakistan Navy the 4th F-22 P Frigate PNS ASLAT next month.

Also, the KS&EW is constructing for Navy a fast attack missile craft and a 32-ton tug expected to be handed over as per contract schedule. The Navy has also signed a contract with KS&EW for construction of a 15000-ton capacity fleet tanker.

Tuesday saw the KS&EW formally handing over two pusher tugs to Pakistan Navy in a ceremony held here at the Karachi Shipyard with Vice Chief of Naval Staff Vice Admiral Muhammad Shafiq present as a chief guest on the occasion. Addition of these tugs in the Navy fleet is considered to be an important milestone achieved towards self reliance.

Addressing the ceremony, Admiral Muhammad Shafiq said while Pakistans geographical location and geo-strategic environment essentially necessitated building of a strong and balanced Navy to defend the countrys maritime interests; realisation of the countrys force goals through foreign acquisitions only was becoming increasingly difficult.

The changing geo-political dynamics also suggest that access to the foreign defence technologies, particularly in the high end domains, would be either denied or hard to come by in the coming years, said the chief guest.

Accordingly, self reliance has been at the forefront of policies, and it is in this context, Pakistan Navy had been supporting and interacting closely with the local defence industries, particularly Karachi Shipyard, to make a steady progress towards indigenization.

Appreciating the efforts of Karachi Shipyard, the Admiral said Karachi Shipyard had delivered up to Navys expectations and had been a major support to PN fleet for new constructions, as well as, for repair of the ships.

Karachi Shipyard also deserved acclaim for its revival and unprecedented progress during testing times when the global shipping industry as a whole was on the declines, he said. It was well poised to manifest its potential of undertaking major shipbuilding and engineering projects for the country and also for the foreign clients to earn and save valuable foreign exchange.

Recent award of contract for construction of 15000-ton capacity fleet tanker by PN was manifestation of the same. He assured of all out support of Pakistan Navy to KS&EW for its revitalization so that all future growth plans were timely materialised.

Earlier, Rear Admiral Syed Hasan Nasir Shah, Managing Director KS&EW, gave a brief account of the progress of Karachi Shipyard and underlined the projects being undertaken for Pakistan Navy.

He said presently KS&EW was undertaking construction of five vessels for Navy. He apprised the 4th F-22 P Frigate PNS ASLAT has successfully completed all harbor and sea trials and would be handed over to PN in April this year.

In addition, a Fast Attack Missile Craft and a 32-ton Tug are also under construction which would be handed over to PN as per the contractual schedule. The ceremony was attended by a large number of PN officers, engineers and technicians of Karachi Shipyard.

The design, drawing and kit of material for the two pusher tugs had been supplied by the Damen Shipyards of Holland.

In fact, Pakistan Navy modernization will enable her to defend effectively the country coastal boundaries.

Propaganda against Pakistan’s Ideology

By Sajjad Shaukat:

Straightforwardly speaking, subversive activities arranged by the Indian secret agency, RAW in connivance with American CIA and Israeli Mossad inside Pakistan coincides with the propaganda launched by the US, some western countries and India. In this regard, high officials and media of these countries manipulate every terror attack to tarnish the image of Pakistan. For example, Pakistans civil and military leadership, all the political and religious parties had strongly condemned Taliban for the failed assault on Malala Yousufzai. But US-led these countries, especially India left no stone unturned in exploiting the incident in connection with Talibanisation of Pakistan.

Now, their media have also started distorting Pakistans history. In this respect, a book titled, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman: The Unfinished Memoirs written by the Bengali leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman as his autobiography has recently been released. While speaking in line of the book, senior media anchor of Geo News, Hamid Mir reproduced its contents in his article, Mujibs Memoirs, published in daily, The News on November 24, 2012. He writes, One-sided history books tell us that Mujib was a traitor who broke up Pakistanin fact, the political intrigues and blunders of military dictators broke up PakistanBengalis were massacred and their women were raped.

Notably, a renowned Bengali journalist Sarmila Bose authored a book, Dead Reckoning: Memories of the 1971 Bangladesh War. While countering exaggerations of the Indian and Bengali Journalists, Bose argues that the number of Bengalis killed in 1971 was not three million, but around 50,000 while Bengalis were equally involved in the bloodshed of non-Bengalis, and their women were raped.

In fact, before the 1971 war, Mujibur Rahman was in contacts with Indian rulers and training camps of Mukti Bahini, established by Indian army and RAW. Therefore, when East Pakistan was occupied by Indian Army, Majib stated with pleasure that his 24 years old dream of an independent Bangladesh had been fulfilled.

However, foreign entities have taken a new turn of propaganda, showing ill-conceived thoughts against the idealogy of Pakistan. In this context, under the Confidence Building Measures (CBMs), Indian propagandists visited Pakistani educational institutions and criticised countrys curriculum labeling it hate-spreading contents against India. While favouring Indian point of view unilaterally, US-based magazine, The Christian Science Monitor published a story on February 28, 2013, titled Pakistan text books raise debate about curriculum of hate. It writes that in a suburban high school of Islamabad, ninth-graders are taught Pakistani history with an oblique angle vision.

As regards the migration of 1947, the magazine explained that students are taught: Caravans on the way to Pakistan were attacked by Hindus and Sikhs. Not a single Muslim was left alive in trains coming to Pakistan. While quoting Pakistani historian Mubarak Ali, it indicated that it was a one sided story and that actually it was an Indian reaction to Pakistani attacks on Hindu and Sikhs. The magazine also quoted, another historian, Abdul Hameed Nayyar, who targeted the Pakistan text books in similar tone saying, these try to create and define Pakistani nationalism in a very narrow sensein term of an Islamic identity.

But anti-Pakistan and self-created approach of The Christian Science Monitor was clearly exposed when it wrote, across Pakistan, government-sanctioned school text books contain blatantly anti-religious-minority and anti-Western materialmany people are worried that the curriculum is fueling intolerance, especially among youthsleading to violent behavior and even sympathy for the Taliban.

Nevertheless, we need to know the historical facts with reference to the above false propaganda, as its aim is to stimulate skepticism about the ideology of Pakistan.

During the British rule, Hindus which were in majority in India dominated Muslims in every field. The Hindus demanded that Urdu should be written in Hindi Script instead of Persian script. The Indian National Congress which claimed to represent all communities, oppressed all Muslim ideas and supported the Hindus. In 1905, the partition of Bengal ensured a number of political benefits for the Muslims but the Hindus launched an agitation against the partition which was annulled. Taking cognizance of Hindu injustices, in 1906, a Muslim deputation met Viceroy Lord Minto and demanded the right of separate electorate for Muslims. Afterwards, in various political reforms, the separate electorate was maintained for Muslims, which endorsed the two nation theory.

The two nation theory means the cultural, religious, economic and social dissimilarities between Hindus and Muslims. These differences of outlook, in fact, were greatly instrumental in giving rise to two distinct political ideologies. Despite living together for centuries, Muslims maintained their individual culture and civilization.

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan who was pioneer of the two nation theory advised the Muslims not to join Congress. Allama Iqbal said in 1930, India is a continent of human beings belonging to different languages and professing different religionsI, therefore, demand the formation of consolidated Muslim state in the best interests of the Muslims of India and Islam.

It was due to the obstinacy of Congress which rejected the genuine demands of the Indian Muslims that Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was compelled to leave Congress. He advocated the two nation theory by declaring that Muslims needed a separate state to protect their rights. Jinnah came to believe that Muslims and Hindus were distinct nations with unbridgeable differences. In All India Muslim Leagues annual session at Lahore in 1940, the Pakistan Resolution was adopted as the main goal of the party.

Indian Congress had refused to recognise an independent Pakistan. Therefore, during partition, thousands of armless Muslims, migrating to Pakistan were massacred by the brutal attacks conducted by Indian armed gangs. They were tortured to death; their women were raped, caravans were looted and several Muslims disappeared.

No doubt, Pakistan became a reality on the basis of ideology which is Islam. In this respect, while addressing the Constituent Assembly on August, 11 1947, Quaid-i-Azam elaborated that he did not want Pakistan to be a theocratic state. He wanted Pakistan to be a liberal, secular and progressive state where the followers of every religion, faith, and sect were treated as citizens of equal status and they enjoyed equal rights.

Islam which does not permit suicide attacks considers killing one innocent person equal to murdering the entire humanity, while jihad is a sacred obligation, but its real spirit needs to be understood clearly. In this connection, 50 Islamic scholars and muftis of the Sunni Ittehad Council have issued a joint fatwa (edict) on February 7, 2013, and declared, Killing of innocent people, target killings and suicide bombingsin Karachi and Balochistan including sectarianism as against the spirit of Islam.

Now, people from all segment of life and majority of politicians including general masses want that a handful of terrorist elements must not be allowed to dictate their agenda and to impose their self-created ideology in the country.

On the other side, US-led some western countries and their media have totally ignored Hindu terrorism which emanates from the ideology of Hindutva (Hindu nationalism). Hindu politics and culture, dominated by the fundamentalists parties such as BJP, RSS, VHP, Shiv Sena and other similar groups have been propagating ideology of Hindutva which is also being encouraged by the government officials. Although, sporadic attacks on the other ethnic and religious communities, entailing Indian lower castes, and especially Muslims and Christians have continued, yet appointment of extremist Hindus in top positions in various institutes, and alteration of academic courses in accordance with the Hindu ideology have reflected the intentions of the BJB and the subsequent Congress rulers. Indian text books misinterpret historical facts regarding Sub-continent and Pakistan. While Indian constitution declares the country to be a secular state, but in practice ideology of Hindu nationalism has been implemented.

Recently, Indian External Affairs Minister Salman Khurshid and Home minister Sushil Kumar Shinde confessed the nexus between BJP and the RSS, disclosing that organised training camps run by these fundamentalist parties were promoting Hindu Terrorism. They also revealed that these parties were behind the Samjhauta Express, Meccca Masjid and Malegaon blasts including Gujarat and Babri masjid incidents.

Nonetheless, displaying unilateral move by neglecting Hindu terrorism and Indian text books, the US-led some western countries, their media like The Christian Science Monitor, and some Pakistani internal elements have been misinterpreting the history of Pakistan, its ideology and Islam by equating the latter with Talibanisation. They are defaming Islam which is the religion of peace, democracy, moderation and human rights.

Sajjad Shaukat writes on international affairs and is author of the book: US vs Islamic Militants, Invisible Balance of Power: Dangerous Shift in International Relations.

PML(N) manifesto welcomed

Special Report by Brig. (Retd) Usman Khalid, Director Rifah Institute of Foreign Affairs (RIFA)

The manifesto of Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) shows the party has competent professionals in its economic team.

I read the manifesto of PML(N) and I was surprised that it is more than a wish list that election manifestos usually are. It is a list of objectives and outline of strategy, which is what a manifesto ought to be. I am particularly impressed with the fact that PML(N) has grasped the idea that socio-economic development is driven and accelerated by setting lofty objectives and then creating the wherewithal for achieving those objectives. The performance of PML(N) in office supports the conclusion that it has grasped how a course for development is charted and pursued. During its brief stints in office in the past, the Party built the first motorway and that also without borrowing from the World Bank or the ADB. During its five years in office in the Punjab Province, the party completed the Metrobus project and the Ring Road in Lahore, and undertook Daanish Schools and several other projects, all of which have been designed to high specification and built to international standards. This is the approach taken by China which has enabled the country to catch up and in some areas even surpass the developed world in about 25 years. That the leadership team of PML(N) is eager and able to follow that formula augurs well for Pakistan.

My objective here is not to praise the Manifesto but to point towards areas where I feel the manifesto is inadequate:

Although the economic team appears to be well aware of the internal and international instruments available to increase investment, the target for annual GDP growth is low i.e. 6%. It could easily be 8+% per annum (p.a.).

The budget deficit at present is 6+% p.a. The manifesto objective is to lower it 4%. To arrest inflation, it needs to be lowered even further to 3%.

The target for inflation has been set at 7-8% which is much lower than what it is now but it needs to come down to international norm – 4-5% – and a strategy for lower discount rate should be outlined to achieve that.

There should be a target for exchange rate. Rs 75 to a US Dollar over three years is recommended.

The manifesto objective is to increase the tax to GDP ratio from the present 9% to 15%. However, no economic strategy or tax changes have been outlined. What is confusing is that lower taxation is also a manifesto objective, which would reduce the ratio, not increase it. Increase in import duties in tune with appreciation of the Rupee and lowering the threshold for Income Tax to 300,000 p.a. is recommended to achieve the higher ratio.

The target of industrial growth is set at 7-8%, which is low. The idea of clusters is a good one. But more clusters e.g. for pharmaceutical industry in Lahore and chemical industry in Potohar and Thar may be added. Industrial clusters in combination with new cities and towns are the idea by which China has maintained double digit growth rate.

National Health Service. It is welcome that the idea of NHS has been embraced. But the outline provided in the manifesto indicates that the PML(N) proposes to organise it on American lines based on Health Insurance. The American system is the most expensive in the world and yet it does not provide free service to ALL at the point of delivery, which is the principle on which NHS is organised in the UK and Europe. NHS in Pakistan must be based on free service except for medicines. Since funds for a completely free service may not be available with provinces, the GP services may be funded by a standard uniform charge of say Rs 50 per person per month. Those unable to pay the monthly charge for their family and for medicines may be helped by payment directly from Zakat.

Local Government. It is not clear from the manifesto what system of local government is preferred or prescribed by PML(N). There is no need to hurry. It should be considered by a Commission of experts perhaps alongside proposals for new or redefined provinces.

New Provinces. The support of PML(N) to three new provinces one carved out of KPK and two from the Punjab shows that the Party is not fully aware of the agenda of those who have raised the demand in the first place. The agenda is based on research by US think tanks and India RAW. They fund individuals and parties which campaign for Karachi to be separated from Sindh and the Seraiki speaking area separated from the Punjab. Their line of argument is as follows:

Pakistan is primarily rural. It is rural Pakistan that puts a party in power but it is agitation in the cities which destabilises and removes a government. However, the complexion of the population of cities and surrounding area is more or less the same. It is only the city of Karachi where the majority in the City is Mohajir but the people in the surrounding area are mostly Sindhi. Therefore, even a popular government can be destabilised, discredited and removed from power by Mohajir of Karachi. After decades of effort, RAW and the CIA were able to create a surrogate in the shape of the MQM to achieve a capability to remove even a popular Administration. It is in their role as RAW surrogate that they oppose the Kalabagh Dam, support Seraiki province and autonomy for provinces on the lines of Sheikh Mujibs Six Points.

The largest province of Pakistan before 1971 was East Pakistan. The Hindu minority had influence over education, the press and the judiciary which it used to plant and popularise the idea that the Bengalis were oppressed and exploited. We know the result; the lies were not nailed and falsehood prevailed in East Pakistan. Now the Punjab is the largest province but it is so committed to the unity of the nation and integrity of the country that it has willingly made sacrifice of its share of water in the 1991 Water Accord and the new NFC Award. Unless separatism becomes acceptable to the largest province a country cannot be broken up. CIA surrogates were placed in position of power and influence in erstwhile Soviet Union to get Russia, which was the largest province, to opt for the break up of the Soviet Union. But the CIA and RAW surrogates did not succeed in the Punjab. They have reached the conclusion that the Punjab must be broken up before Pakistan breaks up.

Today, opposition to the break up of Sindh and Punjab is test a party must pass to establish its credentials as patriotic. I do not believe the PML(N) is not patriotic; but it can be misguided into believing and supporting the break of the Punjab. It must take notice of the agenda of the enemy before it writes such ill considered points in its manifesto. The provincial boundaries are a product of history and entail more heartburn in changing them than even a countrys boundaries. This was said by a person no less than Late Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto when opposing One Unit in West Pakistan. What is perhaps the best solution is to create another tier of government wilayat – between the province and the district under a Wali or Lieutenant Governor responsible for land revenue and records and law and order.

Foreign Policy. Defence, security and foreign policy is the weakest part of the manifesto. It appears that the policy team in such fields is either non-existent or inadequate. The blunders during Kargil War in the last PML(N) Administration revealed weaknesses in the very same area. Besides, the centrality of the Kashmiri struggle for self determination has not been recognised in the formulation of foreign policy. Objectives and strategy in defence and foreign policy are conspicuous by their absence. Surprisingly, the EU, ECO, SAARC, ASEAN and SCO have been listed as if all were equal in importance to Pakistan. The fact is that SAARC groups unlike peoples with divergent interests which is used by India as an instrument of regional hegemony whereas ECO is group of ten Muslim nations with complementary interests which should have drawn more attention in the manifesto. I would recommend that Union of ECO states on the lines of the EU should be among the top foreign policy objectives alongside the liberation of Jammu and Kashmir. The importance of the liberation of J&K has become even more important as India has started building more than 100 dams in J&K in violation of the Indus Basin treaty. The Union of ECO States should be the prime plank of defence and security policy.

Baluchistan. The write up on Baluchistan in the manifesto is disappointing. It relies on the media line that the present situation is the product of neglect and mal-treatment of the Baloch tribes. Presenting late Nawab Akbar Bugti and angry Baluch as a heroes and the Army as the villain is pregnant with great risks for the future. The manifesto ignores the actual facts that; 1) the Baluch are a minority in the province and the Pashtun the majority and there is no insurgency in Pashtun areas; 2) even in the areas inhabited by Baluch tribes, Nasirabad Division and the coastal belt are largely peaceful and the people see the angry Baluch leaders as foreign agents and a menace against who they seek protection of the federal government which has not been forthcoming; 3) even in Marri-Bugti areas and Mengal tribesmen alternative leadership has since emerged which is loyal to Pakistan but is afraid that Mian Nawaz Sharif may abandon them as he is obviously close to the discarded leaders who hope to ride back to prominence and power on his shoulders. If the PML(N) follows the policy on Baluchistan that Mian Nawaz Sharif has often voiced, his future Administration is likely to be on the wrong side of not only the military but also the Baluch who are loyal to Pakistan.

PML(N) manifesto is a well considered document which gives confidence that the party has a good economic management team. Its inadequacies are easily remedied by including more persons with experience and insight into defence and security matters and foreign policy.

Indian anti-Pakistan role in Afghanistan

By Sajjad Shaukat

A recently released video by Washington Free Beacon pointed out that the US new Secretary of Defence Chuck Hagel disclosed during a speech at Oklahomas Cameron University in 2011, India has always used Afghanistan as a second front and has over the years financed problems for Pakistan on that side of the border.

Earlier, the then NATO commander in Afghanistan, Gen. McChrystal had revealed: Indian political and economic influence is increasing in Afghanistanis likely to exacerbate regional tensions.

These remarks are quite sharp to some of American top officials who had been accusing Pakistan of cross-border terrorism in Afghanistan. During his trip to India and Kabul, last year, US ex-Secretary of Defence Leon Panetta revived similar old blame game against Pakistan. He also encouraged New Delhi on October 26, 2012, saying that India has vital role to play in Afghanistan and it will be helpful for peace and stability in the region, adding, Our new defence policy hinges upon this strategy.

The US which signed an agreement of strategic partnership with Afghanistan, has finally decided to keep around 10,000 troops and six military bases in that country permanently after the complete withdrawal of NATO forces. In fact, America seeks to obtain multiple strategic designs by controlling the energy resources of Central Asia, and weakening Pakistan, China, Iran and Russia.

In this respect, by availing the golden opportunity of the 9/11, India has left no stone unturned in getting its hold in Afghanistan by manipulating US strategy. In this regard, stiff resistance of the Taliban militants against the occupying forces created unending lawlessness in the country which has become a most suitable place for Indian secret agency RAW to implement a conspiracy to fulfill its countrys strategic designs against Iran, China and particularly Pakistan, while achieving collective goals of the US against these countries including Russia.

However, India which has already invested billion of dollars in Afghanistan, signed a wide-ranging strategic agreement with that country on October 5, 2011 also includes to help train Afghan security forces, while assisting Kabul in diversified projects. Apparently, it is open strategic agreement, but secretly, India seeks to further strengthen its grip in Afghanistan to get strategic depth against Islamabad.

Besides, with the cooperation of Afghan President Hamid Karzai and Afghan intelligence-National Directorate of Security (NDS), and with the tactical assistance of American CIA and Israeli Mossad, RAW has well-established anti-Pakistan espionage network in Afghanistan. For this sinister move, a religious Madrassa of Wakhan, located in Afghanistan is functioning under the patronage of Indian officials. It is being used for brainwashing of very young boys who are Afghans and so-called Indian Muslims. Posing themselves as Pakistani Taliban, they have joined the ranks and files of the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan and other banned extremist outfits. In this context, Indias several secret training camps are also present in Afghanistan from where highly trained militants, equipped with sophisticated weapons are being sent to Pakistans various places to conduct target killings, bomb blasts, suicide attacks, assaults on civil and military installations including religious leaders to foment sectarian violence.

Particularly, RAW has perennially been arranging similar subversive acts in Balochistan through their affiliated militant groups such as Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA), Jundollah (Gods soldiers) and other Baloch separatist elements. India is also in collusion with the Balochi separatist leaders who took shelter in Afghanistan. For example, on July 23, 2008, in an interview with the BBC from Afghanistan, Brahmdagh Bugti had stated that they have the right to accept foreign arms and ammunition from anywhere including India.

Notably, in the recent years, a series of international conferences were held in order to bring stability and peace in Afghanistan before the foreign troops commence withdrawal from that country in 2013, which would be completed in 2014. For this purpose, US-led developed nations also pledged billions of dollars for the development of Afghanistan. A recent meeting of NATO defence minsters, held in Brussels, decided a sum of $6.5bn for that war-torn country.

Besides, American top officials have repeatedly agreed that without the help of Islamabad, stability cannot be achieved in Afghanistan. Pakistan is also facilitating US-backed dialogue with the Afghan Taliban. Besides, NATO has started moving its equipments via Pakistani route.

Nevertheless, taking note of Indian negative approach, in the recent past, US Senator John McCain reminded the Obama administration that encouraging India to take a more active role in Afghanistan, while simultaneously criticising Pakistan could be a recipe for disaster.

In fact, India wants instability in Afghanistan, which favours its secret goals against Pakistan. But Pakistan seeks stability in Afghanistan, which is not possible owing to Indian presence in that country. Therefore, Pakistan has legitimate concerns in Afghanistan.

It is notable that that Pakistans civil and military leadership has repeatedly pointed out Indian interference, cross-border terrorism from Afghanistan including TTP location there, but US-led NATO and Afghan top officials have taken no action. And Federal Minister Rehnam Malik has openly remarked that based in Afghanistan, RAW has been supporting subversive activities in Pakistan.

Nonetheless, in the post-2014 scenario, despite the presence of American troops on small scale, New Delhi which has been assisting the Northern Alliance against the Afghan militants will not be in a position to maintain its network due to successful guerrilla warfare of the Taliban. Afghanistan will be thrown in an era of uncertainty and civil war. In that drastic situation, foreign donors will not be able to sustain their economic aid in that lawless country.

By showing realistic approach, US and other western countries should realise that unlike India, Pakistan shares common geographical, historical, religious and cultural bonds with Afghanistan, while there is a co-relationship of stability in Afghanistan and Pakistan, which is essential for their global and regional interests. And by abandoning its faulty strategy in this region and double game with Islamabad, especially America must check Indian anti-Pakistan role in Afghanistan.

Sajjad Shaukat writes on international affairs and is author of the book: US vs Islamic Militants, Invisible Balance of Power: Dangerous Shift in International Relations.

Shining India: How to control rapes & killings

By Zaheerul Hassan

On 9th March 2013 United States has honoured the Indian23 years old psychotherapist who was brutally murdered after a gang-rape in a bus in New Delhi in December 2012. The young student, who has become known simply as Nirbhaya or fearless, was awarded the US International Women of Courage award posthumously. At this occasion US Sectery John Kerry told the participants of the ceremony that bravery of the lady student inspired millions of men and women to come together with a simple message No more,. We never imagined that the girl we thought was our daughter would one day be the daughter of the entire world, her parents wrote in a message to the ceremony that was read out by Kerry.

In fact, awarding nine women for their courageous actions is not the solution of curtailing crimes against women till the time organizations of human rights and supper power do not condemn and force Indian rulers to stop state terrorism and violence against women in Kashmiris, Maoists, Tamils and Nagaland.

On 31 December 2012, Annie Banerji also mentioned in Reuters Rape Report that in this year on average every 20 minutes in India. Annie further added that just 26 percent of the cases resulted in convictions, according to the National Crime Records Bureau, which registered 24,206 rapes in 2011, up from 22,141 the previous year.

Ghaziabad police chief Nitin Tewari also confirmed that on 7 March in the latest case of sexual violence has a 19-year-old woman was abducted by three men in an auto-rickshaw, robbed her cash, cell phone and gang-raped in New Delhi’s suburb of Ghaziabad. The woman said she yelled for help as auto drove through several police check points but no one helped. The suspects threw her out near a highway after assaulting her in a secluded area, police said.

Media have compared the incident to the fatal gang rape of a 23-year-old medical student in December that sparked massive street protests and demands for stricter laws against sexual assault, which has a high incidence rate in India.

According to the NDTV, report in the same week , three-year and 12 years old girls were l was kidnapped and raped in the southern state of Kerala and in a school in the central city of Nagpur.

Notably, in most of the cases girls under 18 have been raped and assaulted sexually just in India capital in the last week of February 2013.

On 10 February 2013, New Indian express initiated a very alarming picture of Indian society. The report reveals that domestic, local intellectuals and writers, the Western media has almost declared India as a semi-barbaric society. And now the world is asking whether India is a nation of rapists and killers of women. Only facts, not words, can answer this question. The report further states, What a certificate for a rising India that the National Intelligence Council of the US in its report released four days before the Delhi rape had predicted India to become one of the three world powers by 2030

In fact, Indian society is probably devoid of senses of cultural society and Western Media has opined that rapes are something that only happens in India. In this connection, BBC reports is also very shocking in which statics shows that a woman is raped in Delhi every 14 hours, which equates to 625 a year, in England and Wales which has a population 3.5 times that of Delhi, the proportion is four time larger: 9,509 against Delhis 625.

On 5 August 2012, Gitika Sharma 23 former air hostess has committed suicide by hanging herself at her residence in Ashok Vihar in North-West Delhi. According to the reports late Gitika Sharma has named Haryana minister Gopal Kanda in her suicide note. The police confirmed in their investigations that allegations leveled against the minister. According to the Gitika friend, she has been even asked to establish sexual relations by the minister. The girls family too alleges that she was mentally and physically tortured by Mr Kanda.

It is mentionable here that very sexual harassment has become a very common phenomenon in India as compare to others Asian countries. 24% self staff of female gender has carried out suicide because of sexual abuses.

The Indian Army too has been rocked by series of corruption and discipline cases in recent years, with land, liquor, sex, and other scams involving General officers. Even females working in armed forces have been sexually assaulted. In this connection, numbers of cases have been registered by their seniors and colleagues.

Indian media reported that females along either side of Indo-Myanmar, Indo- Bangladesh and Indo-Nepal borders are also victims of forced rapes by frustrating Indian soldiers. It is high time that over 20 senior officers (Brig or above) faced charges of corruption, moral turpitude in past 4 years.

Maj Gen AK Lal, dismissed after proven guilty of sexually assault a junior woman officer. In Jul 09 Capt Poonam, ASC, has alleged 3 officers for mental sexual harassment. But unfortunately the same lady has been thrown out of army. Again on 03 Jun 10, Engr-in-Chief Lt Gen Nanda, was asked by Indian Army chief to quit on molesting the wife of his Tech Sectary but Gen has been made clear through local type inquiry.

Analysis of above mentioned cases reveals that so called pro-westerns minded scholars and pundits of bollywood are promoting violence through screen, print and electronic media. Poor people and young generation get impressed from the violent actions and adopt shortcuts for improving the life style and ill satisfactions. Robberies, fraud, sexual harassment against female employees and raping young girls have become the common features of degrading Indian society.

Increasing crime ratio can be controlled if Indian government is willing to pay heed to the actual problems of the society rather than posing glorious picture of Indian masked society. There is a need to take ruthless actions against corrupt mafia of armed forces, intelligence agencies and political elite. Global associations of human rights should condemned ruthless brutality against women and should launch an organize campaigns for protection of women rights in Kashmir, Tamils, Maoists territory, border areas, and rest of India.

India crossed all limits of cruelty, Says Geelani

Srinagar, MTT News Desk: In Occupied State of Jammu & Kashmir (OSJK), the Chairman of All Parties Hurriyat Conference (APHC), Syed Ali Shah Geelani has said that India and its puppet authorities in OSJK have crossed all limits of cruelty in Kashmir by resorting to killings, frequent arrests, use of pepper gas and ransacking of residential houses.

Syed Ali Shah Geelani, who is under house arrest in Srinagar after his arrival from New Delhi on Thursday, in a media interview via phone said that arrests, curfews and restrictions could not weaken the Kashmiris resolve for their fight against Indian repression.

The battle we are fighting is between truth and injustice. History is testimony to the fact that truth has always prevailed. I am sure victory will be ours, the APHC Chairman Syed Ali Shah Geelani said.

Geelani aid that Kashmir is witnessing the fallout of the secret hanging of Muhammad Afzal Guru that a youth from Pulwama was murdered at Hyderabad in India and another youth was killed in cold blood in Baramulla town.

He said, Everybody is aware of the treatment meted out to me in New Delhi. I was put under house arrest for 19 days. Such were the restrictions on me that policemen stayed inside my room for 32 hours.

Syed Ali Shah Geelani said that Indian army is not only on the killing spree in Occupied State of Jammu & Kashmir (OSJK) but also arresting minors and even ransacking the public property.

Geelani said that the blood of martyrs would not be allowed to go waste.

The Tahreek e Hurriyat (TeH) spokesman, Dr Ghulam Muhammad Ganai, in a media interview said that Indian armed forces have arrested Kashmiri youth and an aged man Muhammad Yasin Malik for raising pro-freedom slogans on the arrival of Syed Ali Shah Geelani at the Srinagar airport. He strongly condemned the arrests and the highhandedness of police.

In the meanwhile, the Jammu and Kashmir Democratic Freedom Party (DFP), Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Freedom League (JKPFL) and the Jamaat e Islami of Occupied State of Jammu & Kashmir (OSJK) have said that the Indian government and its puppet authorities are suppressing the people of Kashmir through use of brute force.

The DFP spokesman in a statement issued in Srinagar said that the Kashmiris demand for return of mortal remains of Muhammad Maqbool Butt and Muhammad Afzal Guru from New Delhis Tihar Jail to the territory was gaining momentum with every passing day but the authorities were trying to suppress the legitimate and democratic demand of people by dint of force.

The JKPFL spokesman in a statement issued in Srinagar condemned the killing of a youth, Tahir Ahmad Sofi, in Baramulla by Indian troops with indiscriminate firing and arrest of students by the Indian police. He said that such tactics could not demoralize the people of Kashmir and they would continue their struggle for securing their right to self-determination till complete success.

He appealed to the international human rights organisations to impress upon India to stop its state terrorism in the Occupied Kashmir, OSJK. He also urged the United Nations to take serious and solid steps for peaceful settlement of the lingering Kashmir dispute.

The Jamaat e Islami of OSJK in its statement strongly denounced the arrest spree started by the Indian authorities in OSJK. It said that hundreds of innocent people mostly youth had been apprehended and they were being subjected to physical torture in various police stations and interrogation centre.

The Jamaat also condemned the house arrest of the Chairman of APHC, Syed Ali Shah Geelani, on his return from New Delhi. It said that all these actions were anti-democratic and symbol of autocracy. It demanded an immediate halt to Indian state terrorism in the territory.

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