Massacre and Harassment in Kashmir

By Sajjad Shaukat:

In the modern era, various forms of state terrorism continue by the Israeli armed forces on the Palestinians. While with the backing of Burmese military regime and the covert assistance of Hindus, recent bloodshed of the minority Rohingya Muslim community at the hands of the Rakhine extremist Buddhists in Burma (Myanmar) presents another such example. Similarly, during the Bosnian War (19921995), Serb forces slaughtered more than 10,000 Muslims in Bosnia and Herzegovina and buried them in the unamed mass graves. That genocide was repeated in Kosovo where several men and women were murdered.

While, these atrocities are still fresh in the minds of every Muslim, but with the official backing of the government, massacre and harassment of Muslims by the Indian military including paramilitary troops in the Indian-held Kashmir has become a permanent feature.

In this regard, instead of granting the people their genuine right of self-determination and holding plebiscite in the controlled territories of Kashmir in accordance with the UN resolutions, various sorts of state terrorism have become part of a deliberate campaign by the Indian army against Muslim Kashmiris, especially since 1989. It has manifested in brutal tactics such as crackdowns, curfews, illegal detentions, massacre, targeted killings, sieges, burning the houses, torture, disappearances, rape, breaking the legs, molestation of Muslim women and killing of persons through fake encounter.

In this respect, in its report released on October 13, 2012 about detentions under the Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act (PSA) 1978, Amnesty International disclosed under the title, PSA Still a Lawless Law that despite pressure on Indian government, the PSA has not been reviewed and amended. Therefore, new records are being made by Indian law-enforcing agencies and security forces in human rights violations in the Indian occupied Kashmir.

In its previous report, Amnesty International has pointed out: The Indian governments disregard for human rights in Jammu and Kashmir means that in practice people reportedly died in custody and that the whereabouts of the disappeared persons continue to be unknowngovernment forces continue to commit serious violations of humanitarian lawthe Muslim majority population in the Kashmir Valley suffers from the repressive tactics of the security forces. Under the Jammu and Kashmir Disturbed Areas Act, and the Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act and Public Safety Act, security forces personnel have extraordinary powers to shoot suspected lawbreakers, and to destroy structures suspected of harboring militants or arms.

Notably, after visiting more than 50 villages, similarly Citizens Council of Justice (CCJ) published a report in Srinager in September, 2012 on human rights violations in the Indian controlled Kashmir. On the basis of its survey, research and analysis, the CCJ report under the caption, Atrocity and Suffering revealed that a total of 502 people were either murdered or enforcedly disappeared, 2048 individuals were physically tortured, 6888 were subjected to forced labour and 40 people were killed in custody by Indian Security Forces. 234 Mosques and 700 civilian properties worth 103.8 crores were destroyed in the garb of anti-Mujahideen operations, while after being released from jails freedom fighters, faced different detention periods.

But it was a limited survey, as All Parties Hurriyet Conference Azad Jammu and Kashmir disclosed that from 1989 to 15 October 2012, there have been deaths of 93,274 innocent Kashmiris, 6,969 custodial killings, 117,345 arrests and destruction of 105,861 houses. Indian brutal security forces have orphaned over 107, 351 children, widowed 22,728 women and gang raped 9,920 women in the Indian held Kashmir.

Over the two decades of violence in Jammu and Kashmir, Human Rights Watch has documented several failures to ensure protection of human rights. It has called for the repeal of those laws which provide the armed forces with extraordinary powers to search, detain, and use lethal force, leading to numerous human rights violations. They also provide immunity for security forcestheir prosecutions, even where the facts are well established, are rare.

In the recent past, Kashmir Quarterly also reported, Indian Forces killed a number of citizens, torched mosques, shops and houses in various parts of the valley. As a result, there were protest demonstrations in many cities. Troops desecrated the central Srinagar mosque and tortured worshippers whom they found inside.

It is of particular attention that in 2008, a rights group reported unmarked graves in 55 villages across the northern regions of Baramulla, Bandipore and Handwara. Then researchers and other groups reported finding thousands of single and mass graves without markers. In this context, in the last few years, rights groups discovered nearly 3,000 unnamed graves in the various districts of Kashmir.

It is mentionable that in August, 2011, Indian Jammu and Kashmir State Human Rights Commission (SHRC) officially acknowledged in its report that innocent civilians killed in the two-decade conflict have been buried in unmarked graves. The report indicated 2,156 unidentified bodies which were found in mass graves in various regions of the Indian-held Kashmir. Notably, foreign sources and human rights organisations have disclosed that unnamed graves include those innocent persons, killed by the Indian military and paramilitary troops in the fake encounters including those who were tortured to death by the Indian secret agency RAW.

Recently, Chinas leading News Agency Xinhua has unearthed more gruesome details on world-stunning unmarked graves in Poonch of the Indian occupied Kashmir. It pointed out the statement of Sofi Aziz Joo, caretaker of a graveyard as saying, Police and Army used to bring those bodies and direct me to bury them. The bodies were usually bullet-ridden, mutilated, faces disfigured and sometimes without limbs and heads.

While, Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons (APDP) and rights groups have stated that more than 10,000 people have disappeared, accusing government forces of staging fake gun battles to cover up killings. They also revealed that suspected persons had been arrested and were murdered through arbitrary executions, and then buried in unmarked graves.

Besides, on June 28, 2010, BBC reported, three men went missing in Indian-administered Kashmir in Aprilbut their bodies were discovered near the Line of Controla senior officer of the Indian army had kidnapped them by offering them jobs as porters. The troops later informed the police that they had killed three militants. Kashmirs law minister, Ali Mohammad Sagar says there have been several proven cases of fake encounters in the past 20 years.

BBC explained, There are hardliners in the Indian Army and intelligence agencies, who think that by raising the bogey of infiltration and gun battles near the border they can create terror among people and also put pressure on Pakistan.

It seems that non-condemnation of Indian massive human rights violations and non-interference for the seettlement of this issue by the so-called civilized international community, especially the US have further encouraged New Delhi to keep on going with its atrocities on the armless Kashmiri masses. Ignorence of the dipute by them involves the risk of nuclear war between Pakistan and India.

Indian authorities are not willing to talk with Kashmiri people on political grounds. New Delhi has reached a conclusion that only bullet is the right way of dealing with them. Surprisingly, Indian successive governments are trying to ignore the dynamics of the freedom movement of Kashmiris to maintain their alien rule.

However, despite the employment of various forms of massacre and harassment in the Indian occupied Kashmir, the war of liberation by the Kashmiri people will continue until they get their legitimate right of self-determination. If New Delhi could not suppress the movement in the past, it could also not do so in present and future.

Sajjad Shaukat writes on international affairs and is author of the book: US vs Islamic Militants, Invisible Balance of Power: Dangerous Shift in International Relations.

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Who is behind Tibetan Militants

By Sajjad Shaukat

In the recent months, more than 50 ethnic Tibetans died through self-immolation in China, which included many Buddhist monks and nuns, calling for Tibetan freedom and the return of their spiritual leader, Dalai Lama who has lived in exile in India since a failed uprising against Chinese rule in 1959.

Many Buddhist Tibetans accuse the Chinese government of religious repression, while eroding their culture, as majority of Han ethnic group also lives in the regions.

In the past few years, several persons died in the terror-incidents and ethnic riots occurred in various regions of Chinas Xinjiang-the largely populated Muslim province. In January, this year, Chinese Police shot dead more protesters in Tibetan territories as unrest spread to some other areas including Chinas Sichuan province which was rocked with ethnic clashes. And in February, terrorists killed 13 people in Kashgar.

In that context, on January 24, US said that it was seriously concerned with heavy hands by the Chinese security forces. In reaction, a Chinas spokesman Hong Lei accused overseas secessionist groups of trying to discredit the government by hyping accounts of what happened, while Chinese news agency, Xinhua, revealed that police used lethal force after a violent mob attacked on them.

However, for all the incidents, India blamed Pakistani militants for supporting the insurgency to deteriorate Sino-Pak ties and to cover Indias role behind Tibetan militancy.

But during the visit of a Chinese delegation on October 29, 2012, while hinting towards India, US and some western countries, Pakistans Senate Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs supported Chinese stand on Tibet and Sinkiang issues. It also condemned the miscreants for disturbing peace of Tibetan areas in the name of Jihad as well as defaming Islam in pursuit of western vested agenda.

In fact, Indian secret agency RAW with the assistance of American CIA and Israeli Mossad have intermittently been arranging subversive acts in Chinas Tibetan regions For this purpose, RAW has set up a number of camps where Tibetan militants are being imparted training, and are being sent to China along with arms and ammunition. Besides, these agencies also incite Tibetan religious extremists for independence, who have been setting themselves on fire. In this regard, with the backing of RAW, a Tibetan exile set himself to ablaze in New Delhi on March 26 to protest the visit of Chinese President Hu Jintao to India. But, protests are common during Chinese leaders visits to Delhi. These secret entities are also fueling tension between the mainly Muslim Uighur people and Han Chinese to destabilise China.

Notably, on March 10, 2008, when anti-government violent protests by Buddhist monks erupted in Tibets capital, Lhasa and nearby provinces, India, while acting upon a secret diplomacy, assisted the same.

In that context, Indian Former Foreign minister Yashwant Sinha had argued that we should intervene to secure Tibets freedom, adding, We want good relations with China. But if we reach a point of conflict over Tibet, we should be prepared for that eventuality.

In May 1998, while advocating Tibetan independence, Indian former Defence Minister George Fernandes had declared that China is Indias potential threat No. 1.

Meanwhile, Indian media had left no stone unturned in exaggerating the casualties by manipulating Chinas crackdowns against the militants of Tibetwhich were essential to restore law and order. Full coverage was given to the Tibetan leaders and some western propagandists against Beijing. In fact, both New Delhi and Lama had covertly planned bloodshed in Tibetan territories, motivating the people for liberation.

In response, Chinas official newspaper, the Peoples Daily had said that Dalai Lama had never abandoned violence since fleeing to India, and was scheming to take the Beijing Olympics of August 2008 hostage to force China to make concessions for Tibets independence.

Indian dual Tibet policy has significant security problems for China due to the entanglement of the issue in the Sino-Indian border dispute. In the post-1949 period, New Delhi urged China to let Tibet be an autonomous region. On April 29, 1954, through an agreement, India had recognised Tibet as part of China. After the Indo-China war of 1962, Beijing returned the land it occupied in Arunachal Pradesh. Indeed, Chinas claim over Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh) on the basis of old Tibetan religious links is logical.

Now, India which apparently shows mutual cooperation with China, is showing inactive approach in the solution of border dispute. But it has secretly been increasing military build up near the Chinese border coupled with covert support to the Tibetan insurgents.

There are also other reasons behind Indian double game. Fast growing economic power of China, its strategic relationship with Pakistan and development of Gwader seaport in Balochistan irk the eyes of America and India. Besides, US-India nuclear deal, supply of sophisticated weapons to New Delhi, Obamas recent defence strategy, which calls for greater US military presence in Asia, maintenance of six permanent bases in Afghanistan including Indian role there after the withdrawal of foreign troops in 2014 and Indo-US anti-Pakistan secret game are part of American desire to make India a major Asian power to counterbalance China. But Chinese see India as a future strategic competitor rather than a partner.

US President Barack Obama had also met Dalai Lama to indirectly encourage militancy in China. While, human rights groups of the US and some western countries exploit extra-judicial killings by Chinese Security forces to give so-called moral support to the Tibetan separatist elements so that they continue their subversive activities in these areas.

Nevertheless, the new spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhist monks and successor of Dalai Lama, Lobsang Sangay, head of the India-based Tibetan government-in-exile has called on the international community to not remain passive and to intervene to prevent further bloodshed by the Chinese security forces.

Nonetheless, with the tactical support of US, India which has given shelter to Dalai Lama along with his 120,000 Tibetan followers is assisting militants in the Tibetan regions to dismember China.

Sajjad Shaukat writes on international affairs and is author of the book: US vs Islamic Militants, Invisible Balance of Power: Dangerous Shift in International Relations.

Black Day: Indian Brutalities in Kashmir

By Sajjad Shaukat.

27th of October is being celebrated every year as the Black Day by every Pakistani and Kashmiri all over the world as a protest against Indian illegal occupation of the Kashmir, when India had forcibly taken over the land on October 27, 1947.

During the partition of the Sub-continent, like other princely states, the people of the state of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) which comprised an overwhelming Muslim majority decided to join Pakistan according to the British-led formula. But, Dogra Raja, Sir Hari Singh, a Hindu who was ruling over the J&K in connivance with the Indian Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Lord Mountbatten, the then Governor General of India joined India.

The design to forcibly wrest Kashmir began to unfold on August 16, 1947, with the announcement of the Radcliffe Boundary Award. When the Award was announced, it did a great injustice by awarding the Gurdaspur Districta majority Muslim area to India so as to provide a land route to the Indian armed forces to move into Kashmir.

There was a rebellion in the state forces, which revolted against the Maharaja and were joined by Pathan tribesmen who voluntarily joined the rebels. Lord Mountbatten decided to immediately send senior army and air force commanders to land in Srinagar.

When Pakistan responded militarily against the Indian aggression, on December 31, 1947, India made an appeal to the UN Security Council to intervene and a ceasefire ultimately came into effect on January 01, 1949, following UN resolutions calling for a plebiscite in Kashmir.

Notably, the Security Council adopted resolution 47 (1948) of 21 April 1948 which promised a plebiscite under UN auspices to enable the people of Jammu and Kashmir to determine whether they wish to join Pakistan or India. On February 5, 1964, India backed out of its promise of holding plebiscite. Instead, in March 1965, the Indian Parliament passed a bill, declaring Kashmir a province of India-an integral part of the Indian union.

The very tragedy of Kashmiris had started after 1947 when they were denied their genuine right of sefl-determination. They organised themselves against the injustices of India and launched a war of liberation which New Delhi tried to suppress through various forms of brutalities.

Passing through various phases, during and after the partition, the struggle of Kashmiris which has become an interaction between the Indian state terrorism led by the Indian security forces and war of liberation by the freedom fighters keeps on going unabated.

Nevertheless, various forms of state terrorism have been part of a deliberate campaign by the Indian army against Muslim Kashmiris, especially since 1989. It has been manifested in brutal tactics such as crackdowns, curfews, illegal detentions, massacre, targeted killings, sieges, burning the houses, torture, disappearances, rape, breaking the legs, molestation of Muslim women and killing of persons through fake encounter.

According to a recent report on human rights violations in Indian Occupied Kashmir by Indian Army and its paramilitary forces, there have been deaths of 93,274 innocent Kashmiri since 1989. Besides this alarming figure of open killings, there have been 6,969 custodial killings, 117,345 arrests, destruction, and razing of 105,861 houses. The brutal Indian security forces have orphaned over 107, 351 children, widowed 22,728 women and gang raped 9,920 women. In June 2010 only, there have been 33 deaths including four children besides, molested eight women, torturing and injuring 572 people. This brief account indeed, is the reality of Indian achievements on which they are trumpeting for their success in the Kashmir through counter insurgency operations.

Over the two decades of violence in Jammu and Kashmir, Human Rights Watch has documented several failures to ensure protection of human rights. It has called for the repeal of those laws which provide the armed forces with extraordinary powers to search, detain, and use lethal force, leading to numerous human rights violations. They also provide immunity for security forcestheir prosecutions, even where the facts are well established, are rare.

While in its various reports, Amnesty International has also pointed out grave human rights violations in the Indian occupied Kashmir by indicating: The Indian governments disregard for human rights in Jammu and Kashmir means that in practice people reportedly died in custody and that the whereabouts of the disappeared persons continue to be unknowngovernment forces continue to commit serious violations of humanitarian lawthe Muslim majority population in the Kashmir Valley suffers from the repressive tactics of the security forces. Under the Jammu and Kashmir Disturbed Areas Act, and the Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act and Public Safety Act, security forces personnel have extraordinary powers to shoot suspected lawbreakers, and to destroy structures suspected of harboring militants or arms.

At present, Indian military and paramilitary troops are using all inhuman techniques of ethnic cleansing to disturb the majority population of the Kashmiris, which had been practised by the Serb forces on Bosnian and Kosovar Muslims.

It is of particular attention that in 2008, a rights group reported unmarked graves in 55 villages across the northern regions of Baramulla, Bandipore and Handwara. Then researchers and other groups reported finding thousands of single and mass graves without markers. In this regard, in the last few years, rights groups discovered nearly 3,000 unnamed graves in the various districts of Kashmir.

In this respect, in August, 2011, Indian Jammu and Kashmir State Human Rights Commission (SHRC) officially acknowledged in its report that innocent civilians killed in the two-decade conflict have been buried in unmarked graves. The report indicated 2,156 unidentified bodies which were found in mass graves in various regions of the Indian-held Kashmir. Notably, foreign sources and human rights organisations have disclosed that unnamed graves include those innocent persons, killed by the Indian military and para-military troops in the fake encounters including those who were tortured to death by the Indian secret agency RAW.

In its recent report Chinas leading News Agency Xinhua has unearthed more gruesome details on world-stunning unmarked graves in Poonch of the Indian occupied Kashmir. The report revealed the statement of Sofi Aziz Joo, caretaker of a graveyard as saying, Police and Army used to bring those bodies and direct me to bury them. The bodies were usually bullet-ridden, mutilated, faces disfigured and sometimes without limbs and heads.

While, Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons (APDP) and rights groups have indicated that more than 10,000 people have disappeared, accusing government forces of staging fake gun battles to cover up killings. They also revealed that suspected persons had been arrested and were murdered through arbitrary executions, and then buried in unmarked graves.

Notably, Indian forces have intermittently been employing various patterns of military terrorism to maintain their alien rule on these occupied territories, but it seems that non-condemnation of these acts by the so-called US-led civilised international community has further encouraged New Delhi to continue its brutalities on the armless Kashmiri masses. Indian authorities are not willing to talk with Kashmiri people on political grounds as they have decided that only bullet is the right way of dealing with them.

But despite the employment of various forms of state terrorism in the Indian-held Kashmir, the war of liberation by the Kashmiri people will continue until they get their legitimate right of self-determination as recognised by the UN resolutions.

Nonetheless, Kashmiris, living both sides of the Line of Control observe Black Day on October 27 to protest against Indias occupation of Jammu and Kashmir. The day is marked with a total shut down in Indian controlled Kashmir. On this very day, Pakistanis and Kashmiris across the globe express solidarity with the freedom fighters of Kashmiri people, demanding their legitimate right of self-determination from India which continues various forms of brutalities in order to suppress their popular movement.

Sajjad Shaukat writes on international affairs and is author of the book: US vs Islamic Militants, Invisible Balance of Power: Dangerous Shift in International Relations.

Manmohan Singh’s sojourn to USA

Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh will be on a visit to USA from 23 November onwards to hold wide ranging talks of mutual interest. The visit assumes significance since it is the first visit of any head of state to USA on the request of Obama Administration. The latter’s endeavor would be to give a message to the world in general and China in particular that India is its  strategic partner and a bulwark against China and hence deserves special handling and concessions.

Article source: http://www.markthetruth.com/current-affairs/215-manmohan-singh-sojourn-to-usa.html

China Considers Kashmir a Separate Entity

Kashmir is a disputed territory representing core political conflict between India and Pakistan. The people of Kashmir are suffering in the hands of Indian illegal occupation and their oppressive rule. Pakistan keeps on voicing her concerns to persuade India to resolve the Kashmir issue as per the will of the Kashmiri people and in accordance with the UN resolutions on the issue. Unfortunately India has never been comfortable to Pakistani suggestions and has always jealously attempted to show Kashmir as its integral part.

Article source: http://www.markthetruth.com/kashmir-conflict/211-china-considers-kashmir-a-separate-entity.html

Why Indian neighbors are attracted to foster closer ties with China

Myths are galore about Indian subjectivity, arrogance mixed with prejudices and wicked mischief which actually reflect Indian imperialist ambitions and hegemonic designs. India cunningly politicizes the issues to fit in her schemes to draw advantage through clever manipulation of events using propaganda as an instrument of her state policy. In her efforts to become a regional power, India sometimes tends to emulate the super power “America” to show her preponderance, bravura and virtuoso. The aim is to intimidate her small neighbors. She frequently dictates terms in all aspects of state functioning disregarding the sovereign status, national interests and legitimate aspirations of South Asian countries. Resultantly the “Shining India” image gets tarnished as India finds her neighbors in a contesting mode.

Article source: http://www.markthetruth.com/current-affairs/210-why-indian-neighbors-are-attracted-to-foster-closer-ties-with-china.html

India Blames China for Maoist Uprising

Instead of addressing the root causes of the Maoist uprising, Indian government has started a blame game against China, alleging for supplying arms to these insurgents.

Recently, Home Secretary of the Indian Union, G.K. Pillai accused that China was a big supplier of small arms to the Maoiststhe Chinese are big smugglers.

Article Source: http://www.markthetruth.com/china/202-india-blames-china-for-maoist-uprising.html

India’s Blame Game

Recently, India’s Home Minister Chidambaram gave a statement that India would retaliate strongly to Pakistan-backed terrorism. He said, If terrorists and militants from Pakistan try to carry out any attacks in India, they will not only be defeated but will be retaliated very strongly. He said he has been warning Pakistan not to play with India and that the Mumbai attacks should be the “last game”. Contrary to the statement of Indian Home Minister, it isthe Indian soil which is being continuously used for subversive activities against neighbouring countries such as Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal and China etc. No wonder New Delhi is facing some serious security threats but from within. These problems and threats are of absolutely indigenous nature. India is facing Naxal menace, which according tothe Indian Prime Minister is the biggest threat to countrys security . Similarly, the turmoil in the Northeastern states is also a result of Indian Governments inability to address their grievances. India is also facing communal violence perpetrated by Hindu extremists, having patronage of Indian government. The demolition of Babri Mosque, Gujarat pogrom and burning of Samjhota Express are few examples in which Hindu extremists butchered Muslims with complete impunity.

Article Source: http://www.markthetruth.com/current-affairs/190-indias-blame-game.html

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