Air Commodore M.M.Alam (1935-2013)

Tribute by Brig. (Retd) Usman Khalid

Air Commodore M.M.Alam with F-86 Sabre fighter that shot down five Indian aircraft in one sortie.

This is the third time I am writing a tribute for a departed friend. The first time it was the death of an icon Mr Justice Safdar Shah when I wrote under the title of Death of Hope. The legal fraternity did not rise up against General Zia ul Haq at that time in response to the call of Mr Justice Safdar Shah. But it did rise to the occasion in 2007-2009 when General Musharraf dismissed the Chief Justice and many more judges of the Supreme and High Court. It would be no exaggeration to say the defiance of Mr Justice Safdar Shah set the stage for defiance of Musharraf by the legal profession. Today, hopelessness has given way to hope and Mr Justice Safdar Shah has emerged as an icon of standing up for justice and rule of law.

The second time it was the death of my dear friend Major General M. Imtiaz Ali, Defence Advisor (Minister) in the first cabinet of Benazir Bhutto, who is an unsung hero who very few people know as the real father of the missile programme of Pakistan. But he also played an important role as Military Secretary to Prime Minister Bhutto in doing the right thing in the face of diverse political pressures. Most of what he did will for ever remain outside public gaze but there is one thing of importance that I will reveal now as it concerns Air Commodore M.M.Alam who died on 17 March 2013. Alam was my course mate (6TH JSPCTS) and a life long friend. He is more than an icon; he became a legend in his life time a symbol of fearless valour. He shot down five Indian aircraft in one sortie in less than a minute a world record. If I remember correctly the total number of Indian aircraft he shot down during the 1965 Indo-Pakistan War was fourteen (14).

Air Commodore M.M.Alam hailed from East Pakistan. His family migrated from West Bengal in 1947. He would often tell his friends that when travelling from Calcutta to Dhaka, young boys took great pride in overwriting the names of cities on milestones in Urdu. It was taken for granted, he would tell, that Urdu would be the common language of both East and West Pakistan. But then politics came in the way. It was considered prudent by Bengali politicians most of who spoke Urdu at home and could not read or write Bengali, to demand that Bengali be a state language. He was one Bengali who was Pakistani first and was completely at home in West Pakistan among brother officers. He always stressed that it was the need of Bengali Muslims more than West Pakistanis to be accepted as a part of the mainstream. He has since been proved right. Separated from West Pakistan Bangladesh is being Hinduised and is in danger of becoming absorbed by India.

Recognising the foreign enemy is an essential part of crystallising national personality. Some times, recognising the internal enemy is even more important in order to preclude subversion. In East Pakistan, the Hindu minority were the obvious potential fifth column but because of the practice of caste apartheid by them its role was confined and limited. But in West Pakistan that minority was the Qadiani community which had supported the PPP led by Mr Bhutto in 1971 Elections. Upon assumption of office Prime Minister Bhutto had appointed a Qadiani as the Naval and Air Force Chief. General Tikka was the Army Chief but the next senior most General in the Army was a Qadiani. I remember that we often used to joke that the country was one heartbeat away from being taken over by the Qadianis. M.M.Alam had a direct and personal experience of what that meant. There was an attempted coup détat by middle rank officers against Bhutto Administration in 1972. Air Marshal Zafar Chaudhry, the Air Force Chief at the time, felt so threatened by the widely revered, popular and outspoken M.M.Alam that he included his name among those involved in the Rawalpindi Conspiracy Case. Alam was arrested and put behind bars in an Air Force cell. There was an outcry in disbelief and Alam had to be released.

I had met M.M.Alam again in Ankara (Turkey) where I was the Principal Staff Officer to General Akhtar Malik in CENTO and he was commanding the first Mirage Squadron which was being ferried from France to Pakistan via Turkey. I had remained in touch with Alam ever since. When he got on the wrong side of the Air Chief he came to see me at my house in Gulistan Colony in Rawalpindi. I went with him to General Imtiaz who was then MS to the Prime Minister. He listened attentively to Alam, asked us to wait in his office and went to see the Prime Minister. He came back after several minutes and asked who would be a good Chief of the Air Force. Alam named Air Commodore Zulfikar who was the senior most but was on leave pending retirement, (LPR). We left not knowing what might be the decision. The next day the news was splashed all over that the Air Marshal Zafar Chaudhry had been relieved and Air Marshal Zulfikar promoted and appointed Air Chief. Clearly, General Imtiaz had tied all the loose ends.

There were four witnesses of that event. Prime Minister Bhutto, General Imtiaz and Air Commodore Alam are all dead. I am the only one alive. If I do not tell the story the truth would never become known. I have to tell this story because M.M.Alam was much more than just brave. He was a true Mujahid who stood up against the internal as well as the external enemy. He never married and his legacy is not children or property. In his later years he was a true Muallim, who never tired of speaking what others are afraid to speak about. Sheikh Mujib was a traitor who was an enemy collaborator as bad as Mir Jaffer of Bengal and Sadiq of Deccan. We secured our freedom from British rule because we called Mir Jaffer and Sadiq as traitors. Bangladesh would get deeper into the clutches of India if its people did not put Sheikh Mujib alongside Mir Jaffer and Sadiq. More important, if Sheikh Mujib continues to be celebrated as a hero and liberator, there will be more of them in Baluchistan, Sindh and elsewhere in Pakistan.

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PML(N) manifesto welcomed

Special Report by Brig. (Retd) Usman Khalid, Director Rifah Institute of Foreign Affairs (RIFA)

The manifesto of Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) shows the party has competent professionals in its economic team.

I read the manifesto of PML(N) and I was surprised that it is more than a wish list that election manifestos usually are. It is a list of objectives and outline of strategy, which is what a manifesto ought to be. I am particularly impressed with the fact that PML(N) has grasped the idea that socio-economic development is driven and accelerated by setting lofty objectives and then creating the wherewithal for achieving those objectives. The performance of PML(N) in office supports the conclusion that it has grasped how a course for development is charted and pursued. During its brief stints in office in the past, the Party built the first motorway and that also without borrowing from the World Bank or the ADB. During its five years in office in the Punjab Province, the party completed the Metrobus project and the Ring Road in Lahore, and undertook Daanish Schools and several other projects, all of which have been designed to high specification and built to international standards. This is the approach taken by China which has enabled the country to catch up and in some areas even surpass the developed world in about 25 years. That the leadership team of PML(N) is eager and able to follow that formula augurs well for Pakistan.

My objective here is not to praise the Manifesto but to point towards areas where I feel the manifesto is inadequate:

Although the economic team appears to be well aware of the internal and international instruments available to increase investment, the target for annual GDP growth is low i.e. 6%. It could easily be 8+% per annum (p.a.).

The budget deficit at present is 6+% p.a. The manifesto objective is to lower it 4%. To arrest inflation, it needs to be lowered even further to 3%.

The target for inflation has been set at 7-8% which is much lower than what it is now but it needs to come down to international norm – 4-5% – and a strategy for lower discount rate should be outlined to achieve that.

There should be a target for exchange rate. Rs 75 to a US Dollar over three years is recommended.

The manifesto objective is to increase the tax to GDP ratio from the present 9% to 15%. However, no economic strategy or tax changes have been outlined. What is confusing is that lower taxation is also a manifesto objective, which would reduce the ratio, not increase it. Increase in import duties in tune with appreciation of the Rupee and lowering the threshold for Income Tax to 300,000 p.a. is recommended to achieve the higher ratio.

The target of industrial growth is set at 7-8%, which is low. The idea of clusters is a good one. But more clusters e.g. for pharmaceutical industry in Lahore and chemical industry in Potohar and Thar may be added. Industrial clusters in combination with new cities and towns are the idea by which China has maintained double digit growth rate.

National Health Service. It is welcome that the idea of NHS has been embraced. But the outline provided in the manifesto indicates that the PML(N) proposes to organise it on American lines based on Health Insurance. The American system is the most expensive in the world and yet it does not provide free service to ALL at the point of delivery, which is the principle on which NHS is organised in the UK and Europe. NHS in Pakistan must be based on free service except for medicines. Since funds for a completely free service may not be available with provinces, the GP services may be funded by a standard uniform charge of say Rs 50 per person per month. Those unable to pay the monthly charge for their family and for medicines may be helped by payment directly from Zakat.

Local Government. It is not clear from the manifesto what system of local government is preferred or prescribed by PML(N). There is no need to hurry. It should be considered by a Commission of experts perhaps alongside proposals for new or redefined provinces.

New Provinces. The support of PML(N) to three new provinces one carved out of KPK and two from the Punjab shows that the Party is not fully aware of the agenda of those who have raised the demand in the first place. The agenda is based on research by US think tanks and India RAW. They fund individuals and parties which campaign for Karachi to be separated from Sindh and the Seraiki speaking area separated from the Punjab. Their line of argument is as follows:

Pakistan is primarily rural. It is rural Pakistan that puts a party in power but it is agitation in the cities which destabilises and removes a government. However, the complexion of the population of cities and surrounding area is more or less the same. It is only the city of Karachi where the majority in the City is Mohajir but the people in the surrounding area are mostly Sindhi. Therefore, even a popular government can be destabilised, discredited and removed from power by Mohajir of Karachi. After decades of effort, RAW and the CIA were able to create a surrogate in the shape of the MQM to achieve a capability to remove even a popular Administration. It is in their role as RAW surrogate that they oppose the Kalabagh Dam, support Seraiki province and autonomy for provinces on the lines of Sheikh Mujibs Six Points.

The largest province of Pakistan before 1971 was East Pakistan. The Hindu minority had influence over education, the press and the judiciary which it used to plant and popularise the idea that the Bengalis were oppressed and exploited. We know the result; the lies were not nailed and falsehood prevailed in East Pakistan. Now the Punjab is the largest province but it is so committed to the unity of the nation and integrity of the country that it has willingly made sacrifice of its share of water in the 1991 Water Accord and the new NFC Award. Unless separatism becomes acceptable to the largest province a country cannot be broken up. CIA surrogates were placed in position of power and influence in erstwhile Soviet Union to get Russia, which was the largest province, to opt for the break up of the Soviet Union. But the CIA and RAW surrogates did not succeed in the Punjab. They have reached the conclusion that the Punjab must be broken up before Pakistan breaks up.

Today, opposition to the break up of Sindh and Punjab is test a party must pass to establish its credentials as patriotic. I do not believe the PML(N) is not patriotic; but it can be misguided into believing and supporting the break of the Punjab. It must take notice of the agenda of the enemy before it writes such ill considered points in its manifesto. The provincial boundaries are a product of history and entail more heartburn in changing them than even a countrys boundaries. This was said by a person no less than Late Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto when opposing One Unit in West Pakistan. What is perhaps the best solution is to create another tier of government wilayat – between the province and the district under a Wali or Lieutenant Governor responsible for land revenue and records and law and order.

Foreign Policy. Defence, security and foreign policy is the weakest part of the manifesto. It appears that the policy team in such fields is either non-existent or inadequate. The blunders during Kargil War in the last PML(N) Administration revealed weaknesses in the very same area. Besides, the centrality of the Kashmiri struggle for self determination has not been recognised in the formulation of foreign policy. Objectives and strategy in defence and foreign policy are conspicuous by their absence. Surprisingly, the EU, ECO, SAARC, ASEAN and SCO have been listed as if all were equal in importance to Pakistan. The fact is that SAARC groups unlike peoples with divergent interests which is used by India as an instrument of regional hegemony whereas ECO is group of ten Muslim nations with complementary interests which should have drawn more attention in the manifesto. I would recommend that Union of ECO states on the lines of the EU should be among the top foreign policy objectives alongside the liberation of Jammu and Kashmir. The importance of the liberation of J&K has become even more important as India has started building more than 100 dams in J&K in violation of the Indus Basin treaty. The Union of ECO States should be the prime plank of defence and security policy.

Baluchistan. The write up on Baluchistan in the manifesto is disappointing. It relies on the media line that the present situation is the product of neglect and mal-treatment of the Baloch tribes. Presenting late Nawab Akbar Bugti and angry Baluch as a heroes and the Army as the villain is pregnant with great risks for the future. The manifesto ignores the actual facts that; 1) the Baluch are a minority in the province and the Pashtun the majority and there is no insurgency in Pashtun areas; 2) even in the areas inhabited by Baluch tribes, Nasirabad Division and the coastal belt are largely peaceful and the people see the angry Baluch leaders as foreign agents and a menace against who they seek protection of the federal government which has not been forthcoming; 3) even in Marri-Bugti areas and Mengal tribesmen alternative leadership has since emerged which is loyal to Pakistan but is afraid that Mian Nawaz Sharif may abandon them as he is obviously close to the discarded leaders who hope to ride back to prominence and power on his shoulders. If the PML(N) follows the policy on Baluchistan that Mian Nawaz Sharif has often voiced, his future Administration is likely to be on the wrong side of not only the military but also the Baluch who are loyal to Pakistan.

PML(N) manifesto is a well considered document which gives confidence that the party has a good economic management team. Its inadequacies are easily remedied by including more persons with experience and insight into defence and security matters and foreign policy.

The situation in Balochistan

Special Report by Brig. (Retd) Usman Khalid: Law and Order Situation, 1- 6 Feb. Bodies of two missing persons belonging to Turbat were found near Karachi. A taxi driver kidnapped from Quetta was released after his family paid ransom. One man each was shot dead, in Quetta and Turbat, for unknown reasons by unknown killers. On 6 Feb two men were killed in Quetta by unknown assailants. A bomb exploded near Brewery Road. A rally was taken out where tribal elders said that Quetta was ruled by killers, thieves and dacoits. Dr. Malik of National Party said that good governance was not possible without strict accountability. Yaqub Nasir, former minister PML(N) a Pashtun of Duki, and former Senator Mohabat Khan Marri from Kohlu admired the Army and judiciary stating that the nation had pinned hopes on these institutions and condemned 5 years corrupt rule of PPP. A mutilated body of a local man was found near Panjgur. A blast near Police Station Kuchlak killed one man.

Apex Committee Meets, 6 Feb. The Apex Committee headed by Governor Magsi, comprising Commander Southern Command, IGFC and civil bureaucracy met on 6 Feb and noted that the crime rate had dropped in the province. Civil bureaucracy was reshuffled, again.

Law and Order Situation, 7- 10 Feb. A rocket killed two FC personnel near Turbat on 8 Feb. A dead body was found near Dera Bugti. Commander of Southern Command, Lt Gen Alam Khan Khattak, visited Loralai along with IGFC; addressing the tribal elders he emphasized that the Army endeavours aimed at welfare and prosperity of the people with assistance in various socio-economic projects. Political/religious leaders expressed their concerns in a seminar on 10 Feb, over sectarian killings, target killings, terrorism and over all poor law and order situation. Anti-polio campaign has been halted in 25 out of 30 districts of the province due to attacks on the polio-teams.

Election and Governor Rule, 1- 28 Feb. Although many parties who were beneficiaries of being in the government are unhappy on the imposition of the Governor Rule, but it is the JUI (F) which appears to be really very angry. Maulana Sherani keeps meeting various party leaders and demanding removal of even this benign, easy going Governor and bringing the criminal gang of MPAs back in control. The ANP is also very vocal demanding reinstatement of their minister who has been hauled up by NAB for massive corruption. The Governor promulgated an ordinance enhancing compensation to victims of terrorism. Fazalul Rehman, the leader of JUI, has been accusing the government and agencies of exploiting sectarian elements. He is also advocating start of negotiations with the TTP. Mahmud Achakzai, Chairman PKMAP, has said a united Pashtun Province is his partys objective. He desired that the provinces be drawn on ethnic/racial boundaries for progress. By end of the month, PKMAP, which remained silent over the ethnic cleansing of Punjabis and massive corruption in the province, was making statements that partisan Caretakers would not be acceptable to them.

Law and Order Situation, 11 15 Feb. Two rockets were fired on Quetta city injuring 7 persons, including 4 children. A local mullah was killed in Kalat by unknown persons. One person was killed in Khuzdar area and one abducted. FC recovered a cache of arms and ammunition from smugglers near Gulistan, killing one man in a shootout. Another large cache was recovered in an operation by FC near Quetta on 12 Feb.

Kirani Road Carnage Against Shia-Hazaras, 16 Feb. Nearly a ton of explosive hidden in a water tank was driven to Hazaras-Shias market at Kirani Road and exploded when the market was full of shoppers, mostly women and children. 95, including 25 children and 36 women died besides injuring over 180. Government announced mourning for a day and removed the IG and DIG Police. An air force cargo plane flew more seriously injured to Karachi for treatment. Shias started their sit-in demanding targeted operations against the known persons of Sipah-e-Sahaba (SS), now called Jamat-ahl-a-Sunnat and Lashkar-e-Jhangvi. After 3 days, the PM allowed FC to undertake such operations. Some 117 suspects were arrested within 2-3 days mostly from Baloch/Brahui areas from the south of Quetta, including the master-minds of present as well as previous massive attack on Hazaras. However, defunct SS supporters took to the streets after their 4 of their activists were killed in a shootout with FC. 7 activists were also shot by unknown persons. The provincial government tried to appease the SS by registering FIR against the FC. The dead bodies were buried on the 3rd day. However, this time the Hazaras were more furious and threatened to take law in their own hands if the government persisted in its passive attitude. The incident drew nationwide condemnation and sympathy for Shias. Even the Secretary General and Mr. Putin, President of Russia, sympathized with the victims and condemned the attack on Shias. Several Shia and national leaders, including the entire Sindh Assembly, also demanded that the Army should be given control of the administration of the city. However, the CJ of SC who had taken suo-moto notice said he would never consider calling in the Army, but he wants a cleanup operation in Balochistan. He keeps inviting various functionaries to report to him as to why do these attacks go on but ignores the performance of federal/provincial governments in the past 5 years where lawlessness was promoted by the CM, his ministers and even the PM and the President. It has since been reported that the explosive used in Kirani Road blast was about 10 kg but the explosive-power was enhanced by use of certain chemicals to equal to 1000 kg blast.

Law and Order Situation, 17-19 Feb. The FC continued carrying out targeted operations against criminals in Kharan and Mangocher and not only arrested some persons but also recovered incriminating arms and ammunition. However, the Baloch political parties leaders wasted no time in condemning the arrests. Their oft-repeated chador-n-chardewaris violation and calling such operations anti-Baloch action is quickly aired and the media dutifully prints it, lest the goons attack the offices of the newspapers. Dead bodies of two missing persons were found near Khuzdar.

Shazain Bugti Released by Court, 20 Feb. Shazain Bugti, son of Talal Bugti, grandson of Akbar Bugti, along with his accomplices was released from Jail. He had been arrested, in the presence of IG Police and IGFC under live coverage by TV channels some 6 months ago near Quetta while smuggling arms and ammunition worth Rs.140 million from Chaman in 16 smuggled vehicles. His release is said to be due to close relations of CJ of the Supreme Court with the Bugti family. The CJ used to be the lawyer of Akbar Bugti who had then appointed him as a Judge of the High Court. The CJ keeps visiting Talal Bugtis residence whenever he visits Quetta. Without yet hearing the case of Akbar Bugtis death, the CJ has already said it was the worst political murder of Pakistan. Talal and Shazain both are claimants of the Throne of Dera Bugti and want to contest it with weapons and violence on the massive bonanza of Rs.200 million annual rent from Sui gas field.

Law and Order Situation, 21- 28 Feb. Annual Sibi Mela started on 20 Feb and continued without any violence till it ended 4 days later. 5 Pashtun labourers belonging to Zhob working in Pasni were gunned down by unknown gunmen. Strong statements were made by local Pashtun leaders. The Governor announced a million rupees each as compensation for the victims families. A bullet riddled body was found from suburbs of Quetta on 26 Feb. 3 dead bodies of kidnapped persons were found from Qila Abdulla area. Shutter down in Panjgur continued for the 4th day against checks by FC and arrests of suspects. A landmine injured two men in Dera Bugti. Prosecutor General of Baluchistan High Court was kidnapped while travelling from Zhob to Islamabad.

Gwadar Ports Handover to Chinese Company 18 28 Feb. Gwadar Port was officially handed over to a Chinese company on 18 Feb which has drawn mixed response from home and abroad. India has loudly expressed its anxiety calling it a threat due to its proximity to Indias sea lines of communications. Foreign media opined that China will use it for military purposes which were promptly denied by China. Militant Baloch/Brahui leaders, especially those living abroad residing under the MI6 and CIAs protection, including Akhtar Mengal, have condemned the handover while Hasil Bezanjo and other pro-Pakistan Baloch/Brahui leaders have appreciated it calling it a good step for the development of the area. However, domestically, the move was welcomed by politicial parties as well as the media in Pakistan.

Zardari Visits Quetta, 28 Feb. President Zardari visited Quetta for two hours on his way back from Iran. He met Hazaras delegation and reassured them. In the Governor House he inaugurated a dam in the Governors home district some 300 km away. Then he was busy listening to MPAs who want the Baluchistan Assembly to be reinstated. He visits Quetta rarely and the security measures cause disruption and pain to the citizens as the entire area was blocked.

Comments

Despite the Governors Rule, criminal activity has continued all over Balochistan more or less as before. It has now extended also to Pashtun areas as lack of governance in the province during the last 5 years has encouraged anti-social elements to become bold and more active. Afghani adventurers also now commit crime in Pashtun areas and escape to Afghanistan. However, the so called BLA and various other militant anti-Pakistan groups seem to have gone in hibernation. The anti-Pakistan and anti-Army/Punjabi wall chalking are no more visible. The militants statements now emphasize fighting for Baloch Rights not independence. Handing over of Gwadar Port to a Chinese company has dampened the spirits of those who had been waiting for US Forces to walk in any day and liberate Balochistan.

Election and favorable-Caretakers are now the politicians agenda. JUI is most restless and it keeps demanding the end of Governor Rule, reinstatement of PA and provincial government. It seems it is eager to lay its hands on huge sums of allocated to MPAs for Development which is now stuck up in gravy train that has come to a halt. However, there is a general feeling that the entire PA must first be scrutinized for corruption and their connivance with criminals investigated. Indeed, many, including the CM are blamed for direct crimes. Zardaris two-hours visits was more focused on bringing back the PA so that a favourable Caretaker set up can be agreed upon.

The Apex Committee meets periodically with senior provincial officials and Army brass but the Army is vociferously being criticized by the public for doing too-little and too-late. The Army is accused of looking the other way leaving the internal and national security matters in the hands of totally corrupt and incompetent politicians. The PPP regime has been allowed to create and spread anarchy in Balochistan; A areas were reverted back to B Areas; target killings of Punjabis/Hazaras continued without check. Out of the budget of 172 billion Rupees, the federal government doled out of 168 billion which has been looted by the CM and the MPAs (all of who have been ministers or advisors) with no accountability. The 18th Amendment has effectively converted the Federation into Confederation further promoting fissiparous tendencies. The patriotic majority expects the Army to take responsibility, at least now, for bringing in patriotic, non-partisan Caretakers Administration to carry out strict accountability of elected persons who are again ready for a come back in the next elections, now far richer and stronger. Political polarization has peaked. Elections have become a very high stake game. Should the PPP regime and the Friendly-Opposition be allowed to form a Caretaker set up, it will be contested by those who would find it partisan. Violence and bloodshed would follow.

The CJ has become highly controversial and is criticized the most. He does not want the Army and insults in public the FC and Army, is a great admirer of democracy, wants elections on time and yet expects anarchy be controlled and peace prevail. With the Army and the FC demonised, he does not explain who will deliver? The police that is scared and unsupported by political masters? He visits Talal Bugtis house periodically and saw to it that his son who smuggled a huge cache of arms and ammunition is acquitted and released from jail. He allows the trial for murder against former President Musharraf, the federal Interior Ministers, the then Governor and Home Minster of Baluchistan and many more who had nothing to do with Akbar Bugtis death. Recently, FIR was registered against the FC when four suspected murderers were killed in a shootout with FC while courts routinely release criminals. FCs operations against religious fanatics and criminals enjoy publics general approval but now militant Sunnis are now gearing up to oppose and resist arrests of their maulvis. Murder of five Pashtun labourers in Baloch area is first such case which confirms that foreign elements are still trying to create ethnic clashes. Both developments point towards serious sectarian and racial/ethnic conflict in Baluchistan.

Afzal Guru’s Execution to Invigorate Struggle for Liberation of Kashmir

By Usman Khalid

India is the last surviving imperial power which is unique as its desire for regional hegemony is underpinned by internal hegemony by high castes.

Not many people know that Hindus are a minority in India. The number of those within the fold of chaturvarna i.e. four castes (Brahmin, Kashatri, Vesh and Shudara) are no more than 15% of the population of India the same as the Muslims. The original inhabitants of India are treated as untouchables like the shudras but their number is 65% of the population. They are outside the caste system and were considered outcastes until the British included them in the caste hierarchy. The indigenous outcastes, under the influence of Aryan settlers in the sub-continent, developed a caste system of their own but they did not practise Untouchability. The indigenous outcastes are really the only real nation in India. However, the British, who had defeated the Muslim rulers to conquer the sub-continent, decided to unify the four castes with outcastes into one people. They classified the native people into three groups Scheduled Castes (SC) 20%, Scheduled Tribes (ST) 10%, and Other Backward Castes (OBCs) 35%. Those who converted to Islam, Christianity, and the Sikh faith were called religious minorities under British rule. Over time, however, the converts also embraced a caste system of sorts. The Sikhs and Christians have separate gurudwaras and churches for lower castes. It is only the Muslims who have spurned the practice of Untouchability and the caste hierarchy.

The foreign policy of a country is the projection of its internal policy. Since the partition in 1947, the Muslims in India, who were more prosperous and socially advanced than Hindus, have fallen even below the Scheduled Castes. That is no accident; it is the result of the Muslims being treated as Untouchables and excluded from all spheres of life except the lowest. The resentment against the high caste Hindu rulers exists not only among the Muslims but among ALL Untouchables. That would have been a potent force if sovereign Muslim states and erstwhile rulers of the sub-continent united against Hindu repression. To repress Muslims with impunity and to demonise Pakistan is the main plank of Indias policy. On occasions, in consequence of sustained subversion, collaborators of Hindus have been installed in power in every neighboring country. When such rulers submit to the fiat of India, repression inside India becomes more severe; when they do not, India begins to talk up military threats. Over the last five years India had its collaborators ruling in Pakistan as well as Bangladesh. Bangladesh succumbed to Indian pressure and committed three grave crimes: 1) execution of officers who carried out a coup détat on 15 August 1975 to save Bangladesh from being absorbed into India; 2) stalling on proper inquiry into Peelkhana massacre of February 2009 in which 53 senior officers of BDR were killed in a RAW sponsored clandestine operation, 3) to cover its being complicit in the massacre Hasina Administration started trial of Jamaat i Islami leaders who assisted the Pakistan Army in fighting Indian invasion in 1971.

Pakistan led by Asif Zardari kept quiet and acquiesced. The four party ruling coalition of Zardari League, MQM, ANP and JUI have interfaces for guidance and support in India. A propaganda offensive under the title of aman ki aasha has been going on to delegitimize the Kashmiri struggle for freedom as terrorism. Zardari Administration has signed agreements to give India access to Afghanistan and Central Asia over its land compromising long held declared policy of not giving India MFN status or access to its roads until the people of J&K got their right of self determination. But when it came to protecting Pakistans interests in Afghanistan, the military was in the driving seat and it did not allow Indian stratagem to succeed. Indian forces crossed the LoC in Kashmir to express its anger. The propaganda in the media was so shrill that another Indo-Pakistan War appeared imminent. But the nuclear deterrent of Pakistan is credible. Getting no encouragement from the USA, India backed off. But then it hanged Afzal Guru on February 9, 2013. His is a case of diabolical injustice.

The background of the case of Afzal Guru is very interesting. It was soon after 9/11 when Pakistan had a military ruler General Musharraf that India worked itself into frenzy with twin motives liberating Pakistan from military rule and teaching the Pakistan Army a lesson. It needed evidence of affront to work up a public frenzy. It decided that an attack on the Indian parliament would be adequate affront. Several Pakistani prisoners which are plentiful in Indian jails were dressed in police uniform, driven to the lawns of the parliament building where they started shooting. Within five minutes the drama came to an end; all five raiders were shot dead making oral evidence impossible. On the pretext of this false flag operation, India moved the bulk of its armed forces to the border with Pakistan. The deployment lasted nearly a year but then senior generals of the Indian Army advised the Vajpayee Administration that no decisive or quick victory was possible.

After having blamed Pakistan for the raid on the parliament, it was necessary to coin a new story in which Kashmiri freedom fighters were blamed. Afzal Guru, a former militant who had surrendered and was being rehabilitated was indicted for being the master mind of the attack on the parliament. The charge was absurd because he was overtly under watch. He was in Srinagar at the time and he named the police officer who took him from Srinagar to Delhi. That officer was never questioned by the investigators or the courts. This would have been a perfect alibi in any other country but it was never even considered. The conviction of Afzal Guru was the subject of an appeal in the high court and the Supreme Court of India. At no stage, the cast iron defence of Afzal Guru was given proper hearing. He made mercy appeals to two Presidents one Muslim, one Hindu but his appeal was rejected. He remained on death row for eight years after his last appeal ton the Supreme Court was rejected in 2005. But his execution was delayed because it was thought that death sentence after so obviously a flawed trial would draw serious reaction in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). Clearly, India has chosen to hang Afzal Guru because its intent has changed. India no longer relies on collaborators to achieve its objectives; it seeks to use pressure and blackmail in order to teach every one a lesson.

India is back on course of using internal repression as a tool of regional hegemony. India is one country in the world which does not seek friendly relations with its neighbours but seeks to use the abject poverty of Kashmiris, Muslims and its outcastes with kins in neighboring countries to establish and maintain its regional hegemony. Its foreign policy is the extension of the internal hegemony on which the Hindu caste system is based. New Delhi is afraid that friendly neighbours and foreign policy based on sovereign equality of nations would exert such powerful influence within India that equality between members of different faiths and castes would inevitably prevail. That is why arbitrary exercise of power social as well as state power and continuous repression, are the hallmark of the Indian society. The Hindu high castes condition the lower castes to habitual acceptance of abuse, cruelty and excess. When there is protest or resistance, the Hindu elite resorts to what they call teaching them a lesson. This is reflected in the language of political discourse in the press, on TV screens, in parliamentary debate, and generally in all employer-employee relations. The over-dog is forever engaged in teaching the underdog a lesson.

Since teaching a lesson requires evidence of affront, its absence calls for Channakian techniques of distortion, outright lies and vicious propaganda. All organs of the state including the police and the judiciary see it their duty to create evidence of affront. The heavy losses in 1965 War so soon after the defeat at the hands of China in 1962, was affront enough for 1971 invasion of East Pakistan and 1973 explosion of nuclear devices. Pakistan has responded well on the battlefield but has been no match for India in the use of soft power for propaganda and subversion. The raids across the LoC by Indian forces, the execution of Afzal Guru, mal-treatment Pakistani prisoners in Indian jails, the systematic impoverishment of Muslims in India, and the colonisation of Bangladesh continue without any serious challenge from Pakistan. India sees the military of Pakistan as the power centre that stands in the way of Bangladeshization of Pakistan. That is also the line of the PPP as well as PML(N) but they call it resentment and resistance of civil control. The people of Pakistan know the truth and repeatedly express their loyalty and love for the armed forces that have stood up to India when even their own leaders were ready to compromise and acquiesce.

India miscalculated in 1971 when it pronounced that the Two Nation Theory has been sunk in the Bay of Bengal. It miscalculated in 1973 when it thought that its nuclear bomb would give it regional hegemony in perpetuity. It tried to take advantage of outright western support over Kargil War and was overjoyed when the USA invaded Afghanistan in the wake of 9/11. After the installation of collaborators in power in Bangladesh and Pakistan, India thought that its domination over the sub-continent would be unchallenged. But it got challenged well before it was established. India would continue to draw comfort from its collaborators in politics and the media. But it should learn a lesson from its campaign aman ki aasha which unexpectedly created an environment of trust between the Untouchable majority and the Muslims. India appears to have decided to opt for the stick instead of the carrot. The execution of Afzal Guru is yet another miscalculation. It is not going to suppress the Kashmiri struggle for freedom; it marks the beginning of another very different phase in Kashmiri fight for freedom. Henceforth, it would resemble the struggle of Afghans first against Soviet occupation and then against American occupation. No one has said it wants to teach India a lesson. But if India is to avoid a prolonged war of liberation in J&K it would follow the example of Great Britain, France and more recently of the Soviet Union and pack its bags in Kashmir before the cost of occupation became too high.

Microcredit summit campaign report launched

Islamabad, Special Report by Mr. Ghulam Haider: About 13 million fewer of the worlds poorest families received access to microcredit and other financial services in 2011, says Microcredit Summit Campaign report captioned Vulnerability: The State of the Microcredit Summit Campaign Report 2011.

However, contrary to the global trends, microcredit sector has witnessed a robust growth in Pakistan, which has been ranked by the Economic Intelligent Unit among top countries for offering conducive environment for microfinance sector growth. As a sector developer, Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Fund (PPAF) is in the driving seat to control the trajectory and disbursed over Rs. 14 billion during the year under review resulting in an increase of Rs. 2,545 million in the outstanding loan portfolio and contributing almost 76 per cent of the total increase witnessed by the microfinance sector in Pakistan.

PPAF is the strategic and exclusive partner of Microcredit Summit Campaign for reporting and in terms of realizing its aims and objectives. Since its inception, PPAF has disbursed more than $850 million through 5.2 million microcredit loans. Currently, almost half of Pakistans microfinance market share is financed by PPAF through over 50 microfinance banks, microfinance institutions and other civil society organizations in 92 districts across the country.

It is for the first time since 1998, when the Microcredit Summit Campaign began tracking this data, the total number of clients and number of the poorest families reached has declined. The total number of clients was reported to have fallen from 205 million to 195 million and the sub-set of families living in extreme poverty, defined as less than $1.25 a day, from 137 million to 124 million.

Most other parts of the world saw moderate or slowed growth, with the exception of 1.4 million new clients in Sub-Saharan Africa. Despite this reverse in 2011, microfinance institutions still provided microloans to more than 124 million households living in extreme poverty. Assuming an average of five persons per family, this means that more than 621 million people were affected; this is twice the entire population of the United States.

The report argues that getting the industry back on track will require a new understanding of clients needs, preferences and aspirations as well as designing new tools for delivering products and services at lower costs.

The report highlights an ongoing challenge how does the sector more effectively connect with those around the world who are financially excluded. The Microcredit Summit Campaigns continued examination of innovative ways to reach underserved communities, like the potential of digital technology combined with appropriately designed products and services will be critical in accelerating financial inclusion.

The Microcredit Summit Campaign is a project of RESULTS Educational Fund a US-based advocacy organization committed to creating the will to eliminate poverty. The Campaign brings together microfinance practitioners, advocates, researchers, investors, donors and stakeholders to promote best practices in the field, stimulate interchange of knowledge, work towards reaching 175 million of the worlds poorest with microfinance and help 100 million poorest families lift themselves out of severe poverty.

As the lead institution for grassroot development in the country, PPAF works through civil society partner organizations to focus on the disadvantaged and marginalized across Pakistan. Adopting an integrated, multi sectoral, community-led, demand driven strategy, PPAF approach is to develop inclusive, representative, transparent and accountable institutions of the poor. The catalytic role of women in program design, delivery and impact is at the core of all interventions.

Social inclusion, political mainstreaming and empowerment of women form the bedrock of change and transformation by PPAF. Aggregation of their voices, awareness and education are fundamental to state-citizen relationships. Legal rights in the constitution and Shariah laws especially as they relate to divorce, property rights/inheritance, custody of children, voter registration and acquisition of national identity card are essential features of the social mobilization effort.

The review of situation in Balochistan in December 2012

Special Report Brig. (Retd) Usman Khalid

This is a brief Talk of the Town Report compiled for those interested in Balochistan. Significant developments are listed hereunder.

1. Law and Order Situation, 1- 4 Dec. FC recovered huge quantity of explosives, detonators and weapons from Pishin area while three persons of Balochistan Constabulary were abducted near Mach. On 2 Dec again, FC recovered huge quantities of explosive from a bus coming from Chaman near Quetta. One IED was recovered from near Sui. Speaker Aslam Bhotani refused to chair the PA session in accordance with SCs Interim-Order declaring that the provincial government was unconstitutional. Rehman Malik, federal Interior Minster who had announced that he would address the PA, did not turn up and the session was adjourned after 3 minutes. While the Doctors strike continues, one more doctor was shot dead in Jaffarabad area. NADRA office in Kalat was ransacked by unknown miscreants. Finance Minister Gailos brother was shot and wounded at Panjgur. The CM announced in from the floor of the PA that the law and order situation was better than other provinces.

2. Rafiullah Wins Rhodes Scholarship, 3 Dec. Rafiullah, 23, a Pashtun from Bostan won Rhodes scholarship, the first from Balochistan. He has had a brilliant academic career and wishes to return to Quetta for serving in academia to combat illiteracy and religious extremism.

3. Law and Order Situation, 5 13 Dec. The SC in its short order on Balochistans law and order situation observed on 5 Dec. that Executive authorities had failed to protect the lives and properties of inhabitants in the province. The CJ said a verdict had been given and the history would bear witness to the facts. JUI Chief Fazul ul Rehman said that any verdict to dismiss Balochistan government would be undemocratic. In Turbat area, 3 miscreants died in a fire fight with FC. Huge quantity of explosives was recovered from near Dera Murad Jamali. A bomb blast in Quetta on 8 Dec injured two Shia-Hazaras. The CJ of BHC said on 10 Dec in a seminar organized by UNHCR that 75 missing persons had been recovered. The same day a bomb blast in Sariab area, Quetta, killed one and injured many. Balochistan Cabinet condemned the media trial of provincial government. They also condemned the CS and NAB for criticizing the Balochistan ministers for gross corruption. On 11 Dec, another Doctor was kidnapped from a charity eye hospital. Airport Manager of PIA, a Punjabi, in Turbat was gunned down by motorcycle riders. Doctors ended their strike on 13 Dec after 58 days, without securing any guarantees of safety from the provincial government. Explosives were discovered in Mach area. ATC awarded life imprisonment to two terrorists in Sibi. Bakhtiar Dombkis motorcade was fired at in Bolan Pass. A Hindu doctor was killed in Mastung by miscreants.

4. Lawyers Strike Demanding Speedy Decision of Cases, 13 Dec. Lawyers strikes in Balochistan are a routine activity. However, this one was of a different kind. Balochistan Lawyers boycotted courts against the order of National Judicial Reforms Policy Making Committee to ensure speedy finalization of cases. The strike call was given by Pakistan Bar Association.

5. Law and Order Situation, 14 18 Dec. A man was killed and two injured in a landmine explosion near Sui while FC recovered one landmine from near Kahan, Marri sardars home village. A man was shot dead near Sibi by unknown persons. On 17 Dec, Director of Information Department, a Shia, and his police gunman were killed in Quetta. Two more policemen were killed when they tried to chase the killers. A Public Prosecutor and his team were attacked near Barkhan. A vehicle of a NGO was shot at near Mastung injuring the driver. JUIs senior minister Maulvi Wasey has made the provincial government change the name of a Cadet College in Qilla Saifullah to Mufti Mehmud Cadet College.

6. NAB To Inquire Allegations Against Chairman BPSC for Selling 800 Posts, 18 Dec. NAB has announced a probe against Chairman Balochistan Public Service Commission who is accused of selling 800 posts of BPS-16 to18. Allegedly he sold posts of headmaster for Rs.1.7 m and Assistant Commissioners for Rs.4 m. The Chairman is maternal uncle of Governor Magsi. Some 2-3 months ago when the story of large scale appointments without merit spread in Quetta, local NAB had taken notice and summoned the record. However, the High Court took a suo moto notice and not only criticized the NAB, ordered closure of the case and return of record and papers. The rumour has it that sons/wards of two Judges of Balochistan High Court were also among the non-deserving beneficiaries and the HC did not want the cases investigated.

7. Law and Order Situation , 19 Dec. FC recovered a large quantity of weapons from the suburbs of Quetta. Speaker Balochistan Assembly continues to uphold the Order of SC and has not attended the sessions. Now the Governor is spearheading a No-Confidence vote against the Speaker. So far 22 members have expressed their lack of confidence. Two persons were killed and three wounded in a landmine blast near Dera Bugti. Brahmdagh Bugti is allegedly behind these mine blasts. Two young womens bodies were found in Sariab area.

8. Youth From Balochistan Graduate as Soldiers in the Pak Army, 20 Dec. A passing out parade marked the graduation of 1614 recruits from Balochistan. The Governor was the chief guest while Commander Southern Command and senior military officers and large number of civilians attended it. The Governor while emphasizing the need for national unity attributed the unrest in Baluchistan to foreign hand.

9. Law and Order Situation, 20 Dec 27 Dec. Two passenger buses going to Rahim Yar Khan from Quetta were stopped by insurgents near Mach. ID cards of passengers were checked and three persons hailing from Punjab were killed on the spot while two were taken away for interrogation and were killed later. ATC issued fresh non-bail able warrants against Sardar Yar Muhammad Rind while he pleaded that the cases were fake and initiated by the CM due to tribal enmity. A local Punjabi principal escaped an attempt on his life. The students took out a rally to protest against the regular attacks on teachers which have resulted in schools and colleges being without teachers. Two men were killed in a landmine blast near Sibi while two more kidnapped sometime ago, were found dead also near Sibi. A hand grenade was thrown at a shop run by Punjabis near Jail Road, Quetta. Two shopkeepers were injured. Ten men, which included Punjabis and Afghans, on way to Iran, were gunned down near Turbat. FC check-post was attacked near Panjgur but no casualties were reported. Two FC men were killed in ambush near Mashkey on 25 Dec, 90 km West of Khuzdar. The next day FC raided and destroyed some militants camps in the desert. On 26 Dec, Baloch leaders in exile Hairbeyar Marri and Brahmdagh Bugti living in the UK and Switzerland under protection of MI6/CIA accused the Army of launching attacks against the Baloch nation. Additional Session Judge issued warrant of arrest for only Shia MNA for having false degree. Governor Magsis wife, a sitting minister/MPA, was also issued a similar warrant but she obtained interim bail. Governor Magsi often states that he had obtained his degree for Rs.42,000. His wife should have followed the same procedure rather than getting a Madrassa Degree. Gas pipeline was blown in Dera Bugti area. Talal Bugtis son who is in jail under trial for smuggling weapons, resigned from Jamhoori Watan Party owing to differences with his father.

10. Politics in Balochistan PA, 26 -31 Dec. Tariq Magsi, the brother of Governor Magsi, who is an MPA and a provincial minister was appointed the Leader of Opposition. All the 47 MPAs who are all holders of office of minister or advisor, all ministers, passed a No Confidence Motion thus removing the Speaker of the PA. He lodged a complaint in BHC on last day of the month, which was dismissed. CM Raisani besides being grieved on speakers removal also called for stronger federating units. Many political leaders questioned the legislation being passed by Balochistan assembly in the absence of standing committees and that the ouster of the Speaker as pre-poll rigging.

11. Law and Order Situation, 28 31 Dec. Two men belonging to a Pak intelligence agency were gunned down in Quetta. Two Levies personnel were injured in an attack near Mastung. A kidnapped doctor, after paying ransom walked free on 28 Dec. A PTCL building was blown up south of Sibi at Chhattar. On 30 Dec, three buses carrying Shia pilgrims from Quetta to Iran were targets of explosions near Mastung. 22 pilgrims were killed while 25 were injured. Various Shia organizations condemned the attack and demanded from the Army Chief to take over control of Balochistan to rid it of all criminals and banned outfits. Dr. Tahir ul Qadris planned march on 14 Jan is worrying politicians. The sitting Balochistan MPAs feel if they are made to account for the development funds misappropriated by them, they may be disqualified Articles 62 and 63 of the Constitution. Party leaders nervously keep urging the holding the elections on time. However, but political aspirants including those outside the parliaments now are not happy. But the common man would be very happy if the corrupt are disqualified from contesting elections.

Comments

12. Killings of Shias, Punjabis, FC and police are again on the rise. The FC operation in Awaran/Mushkey area drew quick rebuke from Brahmdagh Bugti and Haibyar Marri sitting abroad which clearly indicates who all are behind the insurgency and militancy. Federal and provincial governments keep calling these traitors and criminals as angry Baloch. They should treat them as enemies of Pakistan and hunt them down.

13. FC and police have not been able to hunt down and crush the ring leaders of militancy/insurgency. In the rural areas there is no police as the current Balochistan Assembly, with criminal intent, reverted to the old Levies system of law enforcement. Levies could work during the British period when the retribution against the sardar who provided the Levies was quick and ruthless. In this dysfunctional democratic dispensation the sardars are also elected members of the Swenate, NA and PA. Almost all of them are ministers/advisors and therefore are the government. Many of these sardars are themselves sponsors and supporters of criminals and insurgents. They took no time to replace the police with Levies again as soon as they became MPAs. The Levies are now nothing more than a liability. Levies must be immediately replaced by police, whenever there is a proper government in Balochistan or Pakistan.

14. The sardars and nawabs have their entire families including spouses, brothers, sisters, sister/brother-in-laws, even uncles made MPAs/MNAs/Senators and a new mafia has emerged which will try to retain their family-power in the coming elections. Some have been placed in high administrative jobs where they are enriching themselves and building a power base.

15. The lacunas in the constitution are ably being exploited by the sitting politicians to their advantage. Making the Governors brother as Leader of the Opposition empowers him to have a voice in the caretaker setup thus ensuring rigging of election.

16. The continuous plunder by ministers by protecting criminals is so obvious. Yet there is no accountability. In urban areas the Police are hounded and efficient officers are killed. FC cannot operate all over the province due to limitations imposed by the government besides it is not a police force.

17. No Baloch/Brahui even mini parties are willing to join the other, let alone joining parties or political alliances transcending ethnic/racial bar. Each and every son of Akbar Bugti, even some grandsons, are trying to emerge as the unchallenged-Bugti-Leader. Shahzain Bugti has now stood up against even his own father, Talal Bugti.

18. The Pashtun, some growth in petty crime notwithstanding, are peaceful and busy in expanding business and pursuing education. In Pashtun areas, PKMAP is becoming vocal after hibernating for some 6 years. Mahmud Achakzai is going about mustering political support, only from Pashtun areas, on ethnic basis. JUIs maulvis, rich with plunder of 5 years in government, are also urging the people to vote for them again to have a home in Heaven. Ethnic/racial polarization is at its peak; the elections will only exacerbate it.

Political situation in Kashmir and roll of UNO

Research by Muhammad Tahir Tabassum, President, Institute of Peace and Development (INSPAD): Kashmir has been under Indian military occupation since October 1947. The people of Jammu and Kashmir have been granted the right of self-determination under the UN Charter, and under several UN Security Council resolutions, more specifically under UN (UNCIP) resolution of August 13, 1948, and January 5, 1949. These and subsequent UN resolutions have affirmed that, the question of accession of the State of Jammu and Kashmir to India or Pakistan will be decided through the political democratic method of free and impartial plebiscite.

The status of Kashmir has been hotly debated since the partition of British India and has prompted four wars between India and Pakistan, the most recent, the Kargil War, occurring in 1999. Kashmir’s people have suffered immensely from the ongoing conflict between South Asia’s two nuclear powers. Their plight finally garnered international attention in the closing decades of the past century, but only because, faced with a stagnant economy and a corrupt government, they had revolted.

Since then, the peoples of Kashmir are struggling for their political and birth rights. Indian forces of occupation have committed massive human rights violation in Kashmir.

Presently, the situation in Kashmir, according to international organizations and global media has not changed yet very much. Its still alarming and sparking flames of nuclear war in South Asia, that more then seven hundred thousand Indian army deployed in a small 40 -80 square miles area in Kashmir is the heaviest concentration in human history, and its all without any moral, political and legal code. More then 93 thousand Kashmiris are killed by Indian army and security forces in 23 Years. This epic struggle of the Kashmiri people for realization of their internationally acclaimed and inalienable rights to self-determination. Its very much recognized in United Nations Security Council resolutions since 1947.

The State of Jammu and Kashmir is located in the heart of Asia. It is situated between 32.17 and 36.58-degree north latitude and 37.26 and 80.30-degree east longitude. The State is bounded by Pakistan in west, by China in northeast, by Afghanistan in northwest and shares borders with India in the south. The area of State of Jammu & Kashmir spreads over 85,806 square miles (222,236 square kilometers). Total population of the state stands at 13379917. The State of Jammu and Kashmir comprises 36 districts, 22 districts of occupied Kashmir, 9 of Azad Jammu and Kashmir and 5 of Gilgit Baltistan Northern Areas.

Kashmir is a land of fableced beauty and elemal romance, blessed by nature with breath-taking. scenery and a glorious climate, the Kashmir valley, a fertile well-watered spot, surrounded by high mountains has been described with justification a heaven on earth, a produce rich oasis an area not noted for its abundance, Kashmir a land of lakes, clear streams, green turf, herbals magnificent trees and mighty mountains. Kashmir has a rich heritage of poets, writers, philosophers, intellectuals and craftsmen, but it has basically established itself as an agricultural economy. Kashmir is a place of saints, Sufis and its lot of historical Mosques, Tombs, Temples and Churches as well. Its place of great woman saint Lella Arifa and princess of Kashmiri poetry Habba Khatoon. Kashmiries form a distinct cultural & ethnic in the administrative unit of the Himalayan highest mountain range. Kashmir has been a highest learning centre of Persian and Sanskrit. It is also been embracing point of advent of Islam bringing its fold finest traditions of Persian civiliasation, tolerance, brotherhood and sacrifice. Ladakh has been the highest and living centre of Santayana Buddhism from hundred of years. Kashmir had 8 highest mountain range, the Nanga Parbat is 270,00 feet and Nun ku & Nubr is 240,00 at most of mountains 180,00 feet and over. I bulbous valleys and 4 merges in it. As the subcontinent was partitioned in 1947. The India occupied Jammu & Kashmir against its peoples will.

Kashmir has rich natural resources and a talented and entrepreneurial people, but its economic development has been hobbled by Indians economic policies, corruption, a lack of cooperation by India and political turmoil. The history of Kashmir is Muslim majority state. It was a princely state. After independence of sub-continent, Indian army occupied Kashmir by illegal manner. It had four wars on Kashmir between India and Pakistan in past and both countries has nuclear capability and trillions populations of this region is on savior danger. A state big or small is impossible to acquire by force in the 21 Century. The political upheaval of recent years has exacted a heavy toll on the state’s economy, and the richest source of income has become the threat and use of violence there.

Historically Kashmir was Independent state but under British ruled Kashmir had autonomy. The Britain sold this land to Hindu Maharaja Ghulab Singh for 7.5 millions Nanak shahi currencies in 1845. After that Kashmiri treated as chattels. He made their life miserable and crushed any resistance from them with a heavy hand. After him, his successor followed suiet.The Kashmirs started resisting collectively in earlier 19th century. The Kashmiri leaders Sardar Shamas Khan, Sardar Melli Khan, Sardar Sabez Ali Khan, Sardar Mehdi Khan and their dozens bravest colleagues bodies were screeched and hanged up on a historical tree (alive) at Mang Azad Kashmir in 1932, however, the Dogra rulers barbarity remained relentless. In 1947, his army soldiers killed hundred of thousands of Muslims. India also sends its troops and occupied the State of Jammu & Kashmir forcibly. Kashmiris revolted, fought and lead under the leadership of Raees ul Ahrar Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas, Ghazi-e-Millat Sardar Ibrahim Khan, Sardar Abdul Qayyum Khan, Captain Hussain Khan Shaheed, Colonel Khan of Mang, Raja Sakhi Delair Khan, Col. Khan Muhammad Khan, Col. Hidayat Khan, Mirwaiz Yousaf Shah, A. R. Saghar, Gen. M.Z. Kiani, Brig. Raja Habib ur Rehman, Colonel Sher Khan Shaheed, Colonel Hassan Mirza, Capt. Afsar Khan Shaheed, Maulana Ghulam Haidar Jandalvi, Brig. Dilawar Khan, Qazi Khurshid Alam, Syed Khadim Hussain Shah Shaheed, Maulana Muhammad Yousaf Khan, Justice Sardar Shareef, Maulana Abdul Aziz Thorarvi, Sardar Mukhtar Khan, Col. Munawar Hussain, Col. Mahmood of Tharochi, Capt. Netha Khan and their hundred of other commander had got some areas of the state liberated, which is called Azad (Freed) Jammu and Kashmir. Sardar M. Ibrahim Khan was the founder President of Azad Jammu and Kashmir on October 24, 1947.

The United Nations Security Council and United Nations Commission for India & Pakistan (UNICP) in their resolutions called for holding a free and fear plebiscite in the state to determine the wishes of Kashmiris, whether they want to join India or Pakistan. India accepted these resolutions but, on one pretext is the other, did not implement the same. This further frustrated Kashmiris, fuelling the fire of their resentment. In the letter to United Nations on 31st December 1947, Indian Government promised that; The people of Jammu & Kashmir would be free to decide their future by the recognized democratic method of plebiscite.

When we are talking about Kashmir, its really very grieved and dangerous situation their. The widespread violations of Universal declaration of human rights, international humanitarian law, human & civil rights and Geneva Convention in Kashmir. In United Nations resolution on April 21, 1948 said that: Both India & Pakistan desire that the question of the accession of Jammu & Kashmir to India and Pakistan should be decided through the democratic way of a free impartial plebiscite.

Indian last Governor General Mr. Lord Mountbatten had meeting on November 1, 1947 with Governor General and Founder of Pakistan. After meeting he said that; The accession was not a bonafide one since it rested on fraud and violence and should never be accepted by Pakistan. Accession was the end of a long intrigue and that it had been brought about by violence.

Pakistan had consistently subjected Kashmiri interests to their own national security agendas and right to self-determination. With the start of Pak-India composite dialogue-comprehensive negotiations to resolve all contentious international recognized dispute of Kashmir, launched in February 2004 Kashmiris are willing to allow more interaction across the Line of Control (LOC) but India had not engage Kashmiri representatives in the talks process yet. India has suspended the composite dialogue since the November 2008 of Mumbai attacks, but New Delhi and Islamabad has backtracked on these CBMs from last month.

Indian first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru has wrote in official telegram to first Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan on October 26, 1947, he said that, I should like to make it very clear that the question of aiding Kashmir is not designed in any way to influence the state to accede to India. Our view which we have repeatedly made public is that the question of accession on any disputed territory or state must be decided in accordance with the wishes of people of Kashmir and we adhere to this view.

Sardar M. Ibrahim Khan and Sardar Muhammad Abdul Qayyum Khan made a major contribution to the eventual liquidation of the Dogra ruler by leading political and an armed revolt to have the state liberated from his yoke. Either in power or not, both legends has been contributing to plead the case of Kashmir at national, regional and International fora. Kashmiri nation called to Sardar M. Ibrahim Khan as Ghazi-e-Millat and Sardar Abdul Qayyum Khan as Mujahid-e-Awwal who started political and armed movement against Dogra ruler in 1947. Sardar Ibrahims family serving the Kashmiri nation for the last four decades, he wrote many books and gives lectures on global reputed institutions and he represented his Kashmiri nations in United Nations, OIC, and world wide numerous institutions from time to time. His son Sardar Khalid Ibrahim had elected member assembly many times and famous as man of principal He is heading his party Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Party. Sardar Abdul Qayyum Khan is also a great, strong and influential vice of Kashmir He had represented his nation in United Nations, OIC, EU, World Muslim League, Carnegie, USIP, Editorial boards of New York Times, Washington Post, and Wall Street General, Staff & Command College, and other esteemed academic, intellectual and army institutions, visited whole world time to time and met thousands of delegations of high level included head of states, head of governments and other higher officials for solution of Kashmir problem and on the philosophy and other aspect of freedom movement. He is regarded rightly as a Great Man of Sword and Pen In short; both leaders had life-long mission is the freedom of Indian-occupied Jammu & Kashmir and accession to the entire state with Pakistan. Both are strong voice of Kashmir both side of the line of control and around the world. Sardar Qayyum;s son Sardar Attique Ahmed khan elected Prime Minister of Azad Kashmir twice, He is heading state oldest, and famous All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference and elected fourth time President of the Party on May 26, 2012 and 79th Annual Workers Convention at Kotli Azad Kashmir. Both leaders with hundreds colleagues had lead and librated a bulk area of Kashmir to fought 18 months jihad and its called Azad ( Free) Jammu Kashmir on October 24, 1947.

In his book India and Pakistan Mr. Stanley Wolpert writes: The people of Kashmir themselves must be permitted to choose their own leaders in free and fair elections, as do Indians in every other states in that union, and New Delhi solemnly commit to supporting Kashmirs provincial autonomy and rights of its people, as it does the autonomy and rights of the people of Punjab, Maharashtra or West Bengal. But on the contrary, these liberal and democratic values are given a short shrift in the state. And in this crime, the government and the Indian people are complicit. The moral courage and intellectual integrity that is needed to stand up against the brutalities of the forces in the valley is missing. We tend to largely ignore the widespread human rights violation and suppression, and never support their urge for liberation and freedom.

The Jammu and Kashmir interlocutors had submitted their final report to Indian Home Minister Mr. P Chidambaram, focusing on a permanent political settlement of the Kashmir problem. In recent Indian officials report said The report deals with issues pertaining to economic, social and cultural aspects of Jammu and Kashmir, eminent journalist Mr. Dileep Padgaonkar told journalists outside the North Block office of the Home Minister soon after submitting the report. He was flanked by the other interlocutors, academic Prof. Radha Kumar and the former Information Commissioner, M. M. Ansari. The three-member panel was appointed exactly a year ago with a mandate to suggest the contours of a political settlement to the Jammu and Kashmir problem. The report aims at a permanent political settlement of the Kashmir problem, Mr.Padgaonkar said, refusing to elaborate further on its contents. We have told the Home Minister that the report is the outcome of our interaction with more than 600 delegations, mass meetings in all 22 districts of Jammu and Kashmir and three roundtable conferences of women activists, scholars and cultural activists. We have adhered to the time frame of one year in giving our final report, he said. The report offers important insights, as it reflected in an accurate and comprehensive manner the views of the broadest possible spectrum of a cross-section of people of the State, he said.

I just want to give some very essential detail of Human rights violations committed by Indian armed forces and Para-military security forces in occupied Kashmir since from January 1989 till February 2012.

Govind Acharya, South Asia Co-Group, Amnesty International USA talks to about the discovery of mass graves in Kashmir and other issues that the international human rights organisation has raised in the recent past.

In Kashmir, the state human rights commission identified over 2,700 unmarked graves in North Kashmir and another 3,844 unidentified bodies in mass graves in Poonch and Rajouri. NGOs estimate that over 8,000 people have “disappeared”. Amnesty International has proposed to the Indian government that an impartial inquiry should be conducted. Where has this dialogue reached?

Not to my knowledge. Generally the government of India is keen on trying to ignore a lot of this stuff and hope that the people will move on. That kind of happened in Punjab. But it’s a rather callous attitude isn’t it? Families do not know what happened to their loved one and may never know. The perpetrators might have received awards or promotions and are living a nice life. What a sad juxtaposition.

Despite being a signatory to the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearances, India has had a terrible track record in Kashmir, the Naxal zones and the Northeast for the last few decades. Is it realistic to expect India to invite the UN to investigate human rights violations by its own security forces? Is there another alternative to bring justice to the victims?

Realistic, yes. Do I expect it, no? Unfortunately, because of the powerful status of India in the international community, it is very difficult to pressure the government of India. The voices demanding justice must come from within and from the Indian Diaspora community of which I’m a part of.

Amnesty International has reported on a report titled ‘Buried Evidence’ by the International People’s Tribunal’s findings in 2008, Back then, no action was taken against India internationally for violating several international laws that the country is signatory to. What will you do to ensure this time around that the silence is broken?

For years, Kashmiris have been lamenting their lost loved ones, their pleas ignored or dismissed as the government and army claimed that they had gone to Pakistan to become militants. But these graves suggest the possibility of mass murder. The authorities should immediately investigate each and every death.

In book My Kashmir, Mr.Wajahat Habibullah lays out the intricate web of issues at the root of the conflict: ethnicity, religion, national identity, friction between national and local government, and territory. The picturesque Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, for centuries a model of harmony and coexistence, has been ravaged by conflict for sixty four years, caught in a tug-of-war between historical rivals India and Pakistan. Now that both nations are nuclear powers, some see the Kashmir issue as a flash point for what could become a nuclear war.

HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN KASHMIR

Human rights abuses have been a part of a campaign by the Indian army against Muslim Kashmiries, particularly since 1990. The abuse is manifested in the following types of violations: “disappearances,” torture, and the rape and molestation of Kashmiri women. The Amnesty International, the London-based world human rights organization, has said that Indian army personnel facing charges of serious violations of human rights must stand trial.

According to Kashmir Media Service (Kashmiri news agency)the Amnesty International, citing Indias Supreme Court February 4 order, stated that the Indian army could not invoke the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) to avoid the prosecution of eight officers charged with the March 2000 killing of five Kashmiri villagers at Pathribal.We welcome the Supreme Courts statement that there should be no need to obtain prior approval for prosecuting security personnel charged with having committed grave human rights violations such as rape and murder, said Sam Zarifi, Amnesty Internationals Director on Asia-Pacific in a statement posted on the website.

Indian forces have burnt down historical Jamia Masjid in Kishtwar, a town in Doda south of occupied Kashmir. The mosque was gutted in fire during the intervening night of January 1-2 when the whole town was under curfew.

According to Kashmir Media Service, the gruesome event triggered strong protest demonstrations and people raised slogans against India and in favour of Kashmir’s liberation. According to eyewitnesses, the Indian forces prevented fire-fighting trucks from extinguishing the fire. Add the following to it.

The burning of the 700-year-old Shah-e Hamdan Shrine in Tral, Indian occupied Kashmir, on December 16 was no accident. This was the third ‘accidental fire’ that has destroyed an important Islamic monument in Kashmir.

In May 1995, the 600-year-old shrine at Charar Sharif was destroyed by what the Indian occupation forces described as ‘cross-firing’ with a group of mujahedeen who allegedly had taken shelter there. No mujahid was found when the shooting stopped. Three years earlier, the library at Srinagar’s main mosque was set ablaze. A large number of priceless manuscripts were destroyed.

After the Shah-e Hamdan fire, home minister in the Kashmir puppet administration, Mr. Ali Mohammed Sagar, was quoted by the AFP on December 20 as saying that the government would investigate the cause thoroughly, adding: ‘We have nothing to hide.’ The people of Kashmir have no faith in such pronouncements who consider the Farooq Abdullah administration as unrepresentative and a puppet of Delhi.

India, which claims to be the ‘largest democracy’ in the world, has drawn an iron curtain around Kashmir. Human rights organizations, especially Amnesty International, have been barred from entering the state since 1978. Even so, reports have trickled out painting a grim picture. Freedom House, a New York-based non-profit organization, described on December 21 India’s occupation of Kashmir as the ‘worst of the worst’ where basic human and political rights were denied to the people. In its annual report on Kashmir (December 1997), Human Rights Watch/Asia said that since the induction of the Abdullah government, there has been a marked ‘increase in extrajudicial executions,’ in Kashmir.

Brutalities in Kashmir have also been condemned by Indian human rights groups. The Andhra Pradesh Civil Liberties Committee, Hyderabad; Committee for the Protection of Democratic Rights, Mumbai, and Peoples Union for Democratic Rights, Delhi, issued a stinging rebuke of Indian forces’ practices in Kashmir following a visit to the state by their fact-finding team last year.

“As the conflict in Kashmir enters its fourth year, central and state authorities have done little to stop the widespread practice of rape of innocent women by Indian security forces in Kashmir. Indeed, when confronted with the evidence of rape, time and again the authorities have attempted to impugn the integrity of the witnesses, discredit the testimony of physicians or simply deny the charges everything except order a full inquiry and prosecute those responsible for rape”.

(Asia Watch and Physicians for Human Rights, May 09, 1993)

“Since January 1990, rape by Indian occupation forces has become more frequent. Rape most often occurs during crackdowns, cordon and search operations during which men are held for identification in parks or schoolyards while security forces search their homes. In raping them, the security forces are attempting to punish and humiliate the entire community.” (‘Pain in Kashmir: A Crime of War’ issued jointly by Asia Watch and Physicians for Human Rights, May 09, 1993)

“By beginning TV cameras and prohibiting the presence in Kashmir of the International Red Cross and of human rights organization, the Indian authorities have tried to keep Kashmir out of the news.” (`Kashmiri crisis at the flash point’, The Washington Times, by columnist Cord Meyer, April 23, 1993)

“Despite pressure from League of Human Rights and other humanitarian organizations the Indian forces have not desisted from using torture and sequestration of political opponents and using methods that defy imagination.” (Le Quotidien de Paris, September 05, 1992)

“(On February 23, 1991), at least 23 women were reportedly raped in their homes at gunpoint (at Kunan Poshpora in Kashmir). Some are said to have been gang-raped, others to have been raped in front of their children … The youngest victim was a girl of 13 named Misra, the oldest victim, name Jana, was aged 80”. (Amnesty International, March 1992)

“The most common torture methods are severe beatings, sometimes while the victim is hung upside down, and electric shocks. People have also been crushed with heavy rollers, burned, stabbed with sharp instruments, and had objects such as chilies or thick sticks forced into their rectums. Sexual mutilation has been reported”. (Amnesty International, March 1992)

“Widespread human rights violations in the state since January 1990 have been attributed to the (Kashmir) Indian army, and the Paramilitary Border Security Force and Central Reserve Police Force.” (Amnesty International, March 1992)

“The term “rape of Kashmir”, is no exaggeration. India’s Hindu and Sikh forces have adopted a concerted policy of raping Muslim women which is designed to break the will of the Kashmiri resistance… The world community should immediately bring political and economic pressure on India to stop behaving like a Mongol.” (Eric Margolis, Sunday Sun, April 12, 1992)

“The worst outrages by the CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force) have been frequent gang rapes of all women in Muslim villages, followed by the execution of the men”. (Eric Margolis, The Ottawa Citizen, December 8, 1991)

“While army troops dragged men from their homes for questioning in the border town of Kunan Pushpura, scores of women say they were raped by soldiers….a pregnant Kashmiri woman, who was raped and kicked, gave birth to a son with a broken arm.” (Melinda Liuin, Newsweek, June 24, 1991) [Anthony Wood and Ron MaCullagh of the Sunday Observer (June 02, 1992) estimated
that over 500 Indian army men were involved in this orgy of rape and plunder in
Kunan Pushpura Kashmir.]

“The security forces have entered hospitals, beaten patients, hit doctors, entered operating theaters, smashed instruments. Ambulances have been attacked, curfew passes are confiscated.” (Asia Watch, May 1991)

“Sexual molestation, beatings, threats of violence, and electric shock are the most common forms of torture in Kashmir. (Asia Watch, May 1991)

“Jammu and Kashmir is almost the only part of India where demands for democracy and human rights and protest against corruption and administrative injustices were branded as treason. If a deliberate experiment had been launched, under controlled and most favorable conditions, with Kashmir as a laboratory, to implement a textbook model of terrorism, it could hardly have improved upon the present situation.”(Hindu observer quoted in Asia Watch report, May 1991).

“Subjugated, humiliated, tortured and killed by the 650,000-strong Indian army, the people of Kashmir have been living through sheer hell for more than a year, the result of an increasingly brutal campaign of state repression. India hides behind its carefully-crafted image of “non-violence” and presents itself in international forums as a model of democracy and Pluralism. Yet , it is unable to stand up the scrutiny of even its admirers. All journalists, especially television crews, were expelled from the Valley. With no intrusive cameras to record the brutalities of the Indian forces, the world has been kept largely in the dark.” (The Toronto Star, January 25, 1991)

“Young girls were now being raped systematically by entire (Indian) army units rather than by a single soldier as before. Girls are taken to soldier’s camps and held naked in their tents for days on end. Many never return home….Women are strung up naked from trees and their breast lacerated with knives, as the (Indian) soldiers tell them that their breast will never give milk again to a newborn militant. Women are raped in front of their husbands and children, or paraded naked through villages and beaten on the breasts.” (The Independent, September 18, 1990)

Last 23 years have witnessed a rapid rise in human rights violations in Kashmir. The Indian security forces disregarding any fear of international criticism continue to practice their barbaric methods despite the fact that many human rights groups have consistently took notice of these despicable acts. Mary Robinson, United Nations high commissioner for human rights, during her recent visit to Pakistan, described human rights violations in Indian occupied Kashmir as “serious”. The US State Department in its annual report on human rights for the year 2001 also expressed somewhat similar views. The report stressed that the Indian security force continued to commit human rights abuses in Kashmir including killing of civilians, excessive use of force, extra-judicial killings, torture and rape. (Source: INSPAD)

Most regional sources indicate that more than 93,000 Kashmiris have already sacrificed their lives in pursuit of freedom from Indian rule. Over 102,000 houses and shops have been either burnt or looted. More than 100,000 children have been orphaned and roughly 10,350 women have so far been molested. It is indeed difficult to calculate that how many Kashmiris are missing or hiding but rough estimates put the figure to over 100,000. These figures by themselves paint a horrible picture in Kashmir. (Source: Kashmir Media Service-KMS)

A simple look at the figures certainly lends ample support to Mary Robinson’s contentions. It is indeed imperative that an immediate stop is put to such barbaric and blatant violations. It becomes even more pressing when one realizes that the Indians have intensified their killing spree following the tragic events of September 11, 2001. Effectively using the cover of international coalition against terrorism, the Indians are killing their own people as they claim that the disputed state of Kashmir is an integral part of India.

To sum it up, here is a tribute which Indians have given us.

Since 1990 – Oct.1996:

  • 59 750 Murdered
  • 49 000 Murdered by indiscriminate firing
  • 550 burnt alive
  • 3 200 Bound and drowned in the River Jhelum
  • 4 500 Murdered crossing the cease-fire line

Early 1990’s estimate:

  • 15 873 Rape cases (reported)
  • 934 Women murdered in gang rapes
  • 756 Rendered disabled
  • 43 390 Men and women held in prison without trial
  • 11 600 Youth in torture cells
  • 97 654 Burnt houses and shops
  • 250 678 Refugees (successfully crossed) in Pakistan
  • 30 Schools destroyed
  • 189 Schools and hospitals bomb blasted
  • 200 Primary school children burnt alive on October 1, 1990
  • 358 Hospital Clinics destroyed
  • 346 Mosques destroyed
  • 358 Children died without treatment
  • 66 094 Houses and shops burnt
  • 1 480 Cattle burnt
  • 1 225 Food burnt (worth in millions of dollars)
  • 1 123 Forest burnt (worth in millions of dollars)
  • 848 Hospitals and schools burnt
  • Thousands of people dismissed from jobs

And the persecution is still continuing at an ever-increasing rate. In a land where even gatherings of more than four persons are prohibited, everyday is a nightmare; every place is a holocaust. Every family has suffered in one way or another. (Source: Asia Watch)

In any biography of the Kashmir dispute, one of the milestones mentioned is the recommendation made by the UN Security Council for a settlement on the basis of the will of the people as impartially ascertained through a plebiscite under the control of the United Nations. This is, of course, as it should be but there is the danger of the fact being obscured that the Security Council did not pull this recommendation out of thin air nor was it inspired by the idealistic promptings of either the Council or the leadership of the world power. If it were so, India would have been within her rights to question why the formula was held to be sacrosanct and immune from repudiation. But the proposition was squarely based on what the contestants themselves –both of them– demanded separately; the only thing the Council supplied was the mechanism of setting the stage for, and organizing, the required plebiscite.

It is a unique characteristic of the Kashmir dispute that it is one on which the parties have recorded their voluntary agreement on both the principle and the lines of the desired settlement. This happened more than once, first, spontaneously in official exchanges between the parties; second, when India approached the UN Security Council and Pakistan followed; third, when the Council appointed a Commission which adopted two resolutions and the parties conveyed their acceptance of them in writing. The dispute erupted into a major conflict only when one of the parties, India, reneged on that agreement.

Unrest in West Asia has raised concerns of similar trends in Jammu and Kashmir in the summer. This is not unusual given transformation of conflict from violent terrorism to political violence and activism, trends of which were seen in the past three years or so in the Valley. The State government is also pre-warned and better prepared this time around to face the challenge. A number of factors denote how the summer situation which is likely to be volatile can be met and the cycle of the past few years broken.

Violence Update in Kashmir

January 1989 to January 2012

Total Killings = 93,716
Custodial Killings = 6,989
Civilians Arrested = 119,789
Structures Arsoned/Destroyed = 105,936
Women Widowed = 22,763
Children Orphaned = 107,436
Women gang-raped/Molested = 10,350

Human Rights Watch has urged India to hold an independent inquiry into the unmarked graves found in Indian-administered Kashmir. This case is still in Indian court.

Earlier, the state human right commission said it had evidence that 2,156 bodies had been buried in 40 graves over the last 20 years. The commission is the first government body to confirm what others have previously alleged. Its report is yet to be submitted but it has been widely leaked in the media. The commission’s investigation focused on four northern, mountainous districts and involved scrutinizing police, mosque and graveyard records, interviewing police and local people and cross-referencing information.

“For years, Kashmiris have been lamenting their lost loved ones, their pleas ignored or dismissed as the government and army claimed that they had gone to Pakistan to become militants, but it is absolutely wrong perception ” Ms. Meenakshi Ganguly, South Asia director at Human Rights Watch, said. “But these graves suggest the possibility of mass murder. The authorities should immediately investigate each and every death.”

Independent human rights groups have long insisted that thousands of people have mysteriously disappeared over the last two decades and never been accounted for. Some have accused India’s security forces of abducting local people, killing them and covering up the crime by describing the dead as unknown militants when they are given for burial. The authorities deny such accusations. The security forces say the unidentified dead are militants who may have originally come from outside India. They also say that many of the missing people have crossed into Pakistan-administered Kashmir to engage in militancy, but its white lie of Indian government. Kashmir is sometimes referred to as “Heaven on earth”. Different titles given by different mughal emperors, rulers and scholars time to time. The worlds best saffron grown here and in the middle of those saffron fields is an Army camp. The largest fresh water lake of Asia is in Kashmir The Wular Lake. Adjacent to it is an Army camp. Mughal King Jahangir loved this place, now known as Verinag. A beautiful mughal garden, the source of river Jhelum. Half of it under military occupation. Kokernag, the biggest spring in Kashmir, half of it under Army. The Almond orchards of the High Ground, completely under army control. Sher Bagh, a spiring in Islamabad district of Kashmir, surrounded by Army camp. Lal Chowk, the hub of historical Srinagar city, home to an Army camp. After the AFSPA was launched these army men didnt even spare private toilets. You spit anywhere, at random, and you spit at an Army Personnel, such is their density in Kashmir. Doesnt matter much though. (Source: Institute of Peace and Development-INSPAD, the EU based eminent think tank)

This nation, Kashmir, has been raped time and again by Indian troops. Be it the Tengpora massacre or the Zakoora massacre, the Gawkadal Massacre or the Sopore massacre. Be it the Bomai killings or any other fake encounters, rape everywhere. In the last 11 years, over 2000 people, between the ages of 10 and 70, have disappeared from the Kashmir Valley after they were allegedly picked up by the security forces. They have left behind desperate families who have tried everything to trace their dear ones, but to no avail. Consider these:

It was June 27, 2000 that some 300 Muslim refugees from Indian-controlled Kashmir have crossed into the Pakistani side of the disputed territory after being beaten and threatened by Indian troops. The refugees said they had been abused for several days and eventually threatened with death unless they left their village about three kilometers (two miles) from the unofficial border between the Indian and Pakistani sides.

The incident was not the first of its kind in Kashmir, a scenic but heavily militarized region that is the subject of a decades-old dispute between India and Pakistan and the site of a long-smoldering guerrilla conflict that has caused some 700,000 Indian troops to be stationed here. But it was an especially gruesome example of how the latest flare-up of tensions over the region – a three-week battle in the Kargil mountains 100 miles east of here on the Line of Control separating Indian and Pakistani-Occupied Kashmir, has revived an array of regional problems that most Kashmiris hoped they were finally putting behind them.

Even as India was moving into a self-congratulatory mode in gaining the upper hand in Kashmir, the recent youth agitations reminded it that placing a military lid on the situation does not make it go away. This has been acknowledged by both the Kashmir Chief Minister and the Army Chief, calling for political steps. The Indian Army Chief has gone further seemingly to suggest that earlier opportunities having been frittered away; it is time for a political solution. Removing deep levels of disaffection can only be done by a political approach.

Promises have been aplenty and so have overtures. The last initiative of secret diplomacy by the Indian home minister has also been discontinued. Nevertheless, these actions indicate that intent exists. It begs the question as to why the state has held back. There are two sets of reasons: the first set comprising understandable reasons and the second those less so. Eliminating these reasons peacefully would help with the solution.

The first set gives the state the benefit of the doubt comprising fairly obvious reasons that the problem is complex, has a historical legacy. But a significant reason is that Indias nation-building project is a work-in-progress. It is wary of the demands of its constituent sub-nationalities. It fears that setting a precedent may encourage the others through working of the demonstration effect. The domino theory in this case conjures up an unraveling of India. But many separation movements are very much active in many provinces of India. Because all minorities are under threat and spread killings in India even Hindu minorities are unhappy.

The second is more critical to the state, dealing with the vexed question of militarization. The insurgency economy in terms of vested interests of all players including security forces having grown roots, now requires considerable convincing that it is time to draw down. A political approach necessitates reconsidering the AFSPA. The Army Chief has already indicated his aversion to removal of AFSPA; implying that in case it is removed, so should the Army. Counter intuitively, removal of a division would do more for peace than a division deployed.

The political risk in proving this paradox could have been mitigated by getting Pakistan on board. With talks having collapsed last week at Islamabad, little progress can be expected on the Kashmir front. Absent any effort at selling the necessity of a political agenda to shape public opinion, a political approach is apparently not on the cards. Kashmiries uninumious acceptable organizations All Parties Hurriyat Conference-APHC also agree to start political composite dialogue since day of first.

POLITICAL SOLUTION OF KASHMIR

Kashmir is a political issue; it should resolve politically, its moving to nuclear ring now, peace, security, stability, and stop terrorism, injustice and poverty impossible without resolution by political way in South Asia. Both countries fought four wars against each other. But no positive result came out yet. Hatred, misunderstanding, and distrust complications are rising day by day.

There is much more atomic ammunition gathered around. Indian army had no right to act in Kashmir illegally. With out political solution this conflict wills more complicated and growing very dangerous problems around. Kashmir not resolves with out full participation of Kashmiri representatives. India and Pakistan talking on water rights, economic cooperation, sercreek, ciachen, kargel and trade. But to leave basic conflict behind nothing will come out on both sides. If Kashmir issue will not solve urgently, no body stop nuclear war in this region. Kashmiris are not against Pak-India better relationship, they are not against any country but they are asking their own birth right. Since half century both countries increasing there defence capabilities and busy in talks and conspiracy against each other, population of both countries badly facing inhumanity, injustice, poverty, terrorism and discrimination.

Meenakshi Ganguly, South Asia director at Human Rights Watch said in her recent report The governments of India and Pakistan have recently indicated a desire to develop warmer relations and to settle the issues that divide them by peaceful means. This endeavor will not succeed, however, unless political violence in Kashmir is substantially reduced. If Kashmiris are to feel less alienated, governments in the Indian and Pakistani parts of the state of Jammu and Kashmir must grant their people freedom, not merely by granting elections but also by rolling back restrictions on business, terminating governmental monopolies in trade and commerce, and encouraging international investment by bodies such as the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank. Key areas for investment are watershed development, the timber industry, fruit processing, and power generation.

Chief of the Indian army General V.K. Singh has called for a political solution to unrest in Kashmir, saying the military should step back from its security role in the region. Street violence in the Muslim-majority held valley has increased in recent weeks after the deaths of thousands unarmed civilians who were killed as troops sought to contain protests. I feel there is a great requirement for political initiatives that take all people together, Indian Army chief told the Times of India in an interview published last week. Now, the need is to handle things politically. Singh added that local police need to be more active to allow the army, currently numbering about 500,000, to reduce its presence in the region. Whenever Pakistan army becomes desperate, they indulge in ceasefire violations. This happened in Kishnaghati, Macchil and other areas recently. The threat from terrorists is still there. Its evident from the encounters we have been having, including the recent one in which we lost a brave colonel-rank officer (Neeraj Sood), he alleged.

Author note: But I think, reality is that Kashmiris are fighting for their basic birth right and universal recognized right to self-determination, they are not fighting against Indian army, any how they are demonstrating against injustice, unlawful killings, Dracula and black laws to gross violation of human rights and raped women and abused old peoples and children, but defending their lives, families, children and occupied territory, no body can say terrorist to them. Pak army never violated ceasefire, international media witness that Indian army had un-counted violations on ceasefire line since 1989. India violated, denied and smashed United Nations resolutions, promised time to time, commitments by Indian leadership and all Pak-India agreements from day of first on Kashmir.

CONCLUTION:

  • Under the present atmosphere the talk on Kashmir will not bring any fruitful result. The final result appears to be zero. The best way would be to exchange mutual views to enhance good relations keeping the point of dispute of Kashmir. The two neighbors must move forward for the sake of peace and stability in the region, to root out terrorism.
  • There is now a dire and immediate need that change old mindsets and give way to a new and progressive thought. Both Pakistan and India need to avoid shortsighted policies for political short-term gains, which have resulted in poisoning their relations in the past and the present. .Now it is time to turn their attention towards the gigantic task of eradicating poverty, injustice, must take steps tolerance, understanding and raising the standard of living of the vast mass of their peoples living below under the poverty line.
  • Kashmiri feels election is not substitute of plebiscite; they are sacrificing lives since 64 years for their birth right. Former Home Minister of India Mr. George Fernandez revealed that many Kashmiri had told him that the first time they had seen the ballot paper was in 1977. Mr. P.K. Dave the former chief secretary of the Indian Jammu and Kashmir Government also frankly admitted that: All elections since 1951 to 1989, with the sole exception of election in 1977, were rigged. Election in 1987 when the National Conference and congress joined hands was the last straw. People are kept away from sharing political power, an indispensable condition of democratic functioning..they feel all these governments were imposed on them by Delhis convenience.
  • Pakistan has to realize that Indian government has no power to alter anything of Kashmir without the consent of the Kashmiri people. Similarly India has to realize that Pakistan government cannot do anything against the leaders of terrorists without the support of the majority mass people of Pakistan. Pakistan Government knows its deficiency when the world body is saying that Pakistan is the epic-center of terrorist. US not going away from Pakistan or against Pakistan rather United State is sharing the difficulties and benefits with Pakistan. India also should share the difficulties of Pakistan in the process of peace talks. A mutual understanding is bound to increase the neighborly relations, the ultimate of which will nullify and control the terrorist activities on both side and bring a permanent political solution of peace in Kashmir.
  • Pakistan and India, the two neighbours and the arch rivals have decided to prefer tables over battles. After the terror attacks in Mumbai and on the Indian Parliament, the relation between the two countries had revived its traditional hostility. However, it seems there is a realization on both sides that dividends lied there in friendship, or at least in less hostile relations and hatred rather than enmity.
  • Recently, after the Foreign Minister Ms.Hina Rabbani Khars visit to India, Pakistan has decided to grant India, the Most Favorite Nation (MFN) status. The decision, apparently, has observed not positive impact on both sides. However, there are sections on both sides of the borders that have rather skeptical views about their governments moves in apparently peaceful directions.
  • In Pakistan, the governments decision is being analyzed at three different levels the right wing political parties, the business community and the common public. While the business community will definitely not be happy over boosting business ties with a country offering a large market, the right wing political parties also unhappy to grant a considerable space to Kashmir issue in their political agendas and manifestos will certainly not be happy with the move as to them, no relation with India be made and kept unless it grants freedom to the people of Indian occupied Kashmir.
  • As far common people are concerned; they are coming up with a mixed response. Some of them are in favour to boosting friendly ties and promoting people to people contacts between the two countries. To them, a less hostile or friendly relation will develop the environment which will allow both sides of the people to go for a give and take peaceful settlement and then trade etc.
  • As far the present incumbents recent move to develop ties with India are concerned, the people also have concerns over the way their government is just giving in before India on the issues like Baglihar Dam, Vollar barrage, Kishanganga Dam which is aimed at leaving Pakistan a thirsty, to make desert and starved land. If the ruling alliance of both countries chooses to go for friendly ties without compromising on its principle stands, there are hopes that its moves will be supported among the masses of both side of Kashmir and Diaspora.

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Indeed, the heart of the dispute is being driven by local political conditions in Kashmir and much more sweeping issues of international politics and national sovereignty. Further complicating the situation, both Pakistan and India have sought to use the U.S-Pakistan proclaimed global war on terrorism to their own tactical advantage, increasing the risk of military missteps. Former Indian Prime Minister Mr. Atal Bihari Vajpayee has declared that he is willing to consider any political arrangement short of independence for Kashmir. But he didnt produce any relief to Kashmiris.
  • In contrast, Pakistan is eager to keep the pressure on India to give Kasmiris right of self-determination recognized by United Nation resolutions. Pakistans deep-rooted desire to avoid any more confutation with India. India has been quick to use the post-9 /11 war on terrorism for their own advantage.
  • The United States and its allies have hunted down al-Qaeda and the Taliban in Afghanistan and Pakistan. While rhetorically convenient, this approach ignores the competing historical claims as well as the fundamental question of the competence of Indian administration of Kashmir.
  • Apply on a continuing basis the broad diplomatic pressure on both sides that is necessary to initiate and advance a peaceful talks, composite dialogue and diplomatic process to wind down the immediate crisis and move toward a permanent political solution of Kashmir.
  • The talks of high level political, diplomatic and businessmen, parliamentarians, media, civil society, and cultural, social and women rights activists delegations between India-Pakistan continued.
  • United Nations, European Union, OIC and other international institutions adopted a principled position when the Kashmir question first came before the UN Secretary General, voting in support of resolutions of 1948 and 1949, upholding the right of people of Kashmir to decide their future in a free and impartial plebiscite under UN auspices.
  • Its needed is a sincere, meaningful and believable response however, what New Delhi has all along tried to do is to score debating points while it continues to use military means of the most barbaric kind to crush of Kashmiris.
  • Mr.Sardar Attique Ahmed Khan, President All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference, (Forerunner of the Political Emancipation of the people of the State of Jammu and Kashmir since 1932) and two times Prime Minister of Kashmir presented speech in OIC Kashmir Group meeting at Astana in June 2011 that both countries also start military leadership conversations to make conducive atmosphere.
  • To urge India to reopen diplomatic and military channels of communication with Pakistan to solve oldest unresolved conflict, scale back tensions and stop killings, violence, Extra-judicial killings, inhuman torture and custodial deaths, arson and looting, crack down in civil population, rape and molestation of innocent women and serious violation of human rights.
  • I feel its big responsibility to the Indian leadership and parliament in an atmosphere of friendless and cordiality, to talk to the Kashmiris on both sides of the ceasefire line. India brings the military action and the killings in the valley to an immediate end.
  • Make an honest and sincere effort to invite Pakistan to the negotiating table, propose a meeting between the recognized political leadership of Kashmir from both side of Kashmir.
  • Kashmiri wishes to exercise natural right of self-determination that has also been pledged to them by the United Nations.
  • Kashmiri urge to UN to keep Kashmir as the top-most priority item of your administrations agenda with a view to taking urgent and meaningful action to bring to an end the carnage and atrocities in this unfortunate land and to facilitate a peaceful, just and lasting political settlement of the problem of Kashmir. The UN Secretary General can suo motto move to Kashmir, when such a grave situation arises anywhere over the globe.
  • Suggestion is to submit a revised resolution in the UN Security Council on the subject of gross human rights violations by Indian occupation forces against the people of Indian Kashmir, calling upon New Delhi to stop its policy of terror, extermination and genocide of Kashmiri men, women and children.
  • Kashmiri also request to UN and EU to depute a fact-finding mission to India and Pakistan to Kashmir as well as the survival and aspirations of Kashmiris, peace and stability in the Indo-Pakistan sub-continent and, indeed, international peace and security. Its needs to allow Human rights watch, Asia Watch, Amnesty international, Red Cross international, relief and rights global organizations to visit Indian and Pakistan Kashmir and talks on the subject.
  • The United States, China, Great Britain, Russia and other influenced powers can offer various forms of support and assistance to Kashmir, it could, for instance, supply U.S. expertise and resources to help Kashmiris suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder. U.S. incentives to encourage India and Pakistan to settle peacefully basic conflict of Kashmir, likewise take various forms, from helping Pakistan modernize its armed forces to securing foreign investment for the economic revitalization and development of the population of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • United Nations resolutions are recognized, clear road map and very much implementable on Kashmir. Major stakeholders of dispute are Pakistan, India, Kashmiris, China and all important members of United Nations. This is big responsibility to United Nation, OIC, European Union, and other global organizations to implement these UNSC resolutions amicably.

Mr. Muhammad Tahir Tabassum

Founder President & Chief Executive Officer of the EU based reputed think tank Institute of Peace and Development-INSPAD
Masters of International Politics (Belgium)
Reputed award Ambassador for Peace from UPF-USA (2007)
Human rights Excellence Award from Government of Pakistan (2009)
Sitara-e-Simaj (Social Star) from PSA-Pakistan (2002)
Former Advisor to PM of Government of the AJK for Human rights
Working as human rights, peace & political activist, freelance journalist and columnist since 25.

Obama administration is attacking journalists in USA

Written by Dan Froomkin for Nieman Watchdog: It’s a particularly challenging time for American national security reporting, with the press and public increasingly in the dark about important defense, intelligence and counterterrorism issues.

The post-post-9/11 period finds the U.S. aggressively experimenting with two new highly disruptive forms of combatdrone strikes and cyberattacksfor which our leaders appear to be making up the rules, in secret, as they go along.

Troubling legal and moral issues left behind by the previous administration remain unresolved. Far from reversing the Bush-Cheney executive power grab, President Barack Obama is taking it to new extremes by unilaterally approving indefinite detention of foreign prisoners and covert targeted killings of terror suspects, even when they are American citizens.

There is little to none of the judicial and legislative oversight Obama had promised, so the executive branch’s most controversial methods of violence and control remain solely in the hands of the presidentpossibly about to be passed along to a leader with less restraint.

More than a decade after it started, we still have no clue how much the government is listening in on us or reading our e-mail, despite the obvious Fourth Amendment issues.

And the government’s response to this unprecedented secrecy is a war on leaks.

No Help From High Places

After past periods of executive excess, the Fourth Estate was certainly more robust and arguably more persistent, but it also found natural allies in the other branches of governmentparticularly Congress. By contrast, over the summer of 2012, the publication of a minimal amount of new information regarding drones, cyberwarfare and targeted killings incited bipartisan agreement on Capitol Hillnot to conduct hearings into what had been revealed, but to demand criminal investigations into the leaking.

That’s how Congress has been ever since the terrorist attacks 11 years ago. “We never got our post 9/11 Church Committee,” said Steven Aftergood, director of the Federation of American Scientists’s Project on Government Secrecy, referring to a special investigative Senate committee that held hearings on widespread intelligence abuses after the Watergate scandal. “What we’ve got instead is the intelligence oversight committee drafting legislation to penalize leaks.”

In the interim, the White House has been plenty busy using the draconian Espionage Act of 1917 to pursue leakers. Despite his talk about openness, Obama has taken the unprecedented step of filing espionage charges against six officials accused of leaking information to journalistsmore than all previous administrations combined.

And James R. Clapper, Jr., the director of national intelligence, recently directed that employees under his command be hooked up to lie detectors and questioned about their contacts with journalists and about unauthorized leaks to the media.

Whatever restraint existed inside the executive branch seems to have been overwhelmed by a national security apparatus that has swollen to enormous proportions since 9/11. “There has been no similar strengthening of bureaucracy protecting civil liberties and transparency,” noted New Yorker writer Jane Mayer. “When the national security community is militating for leak investigations, there is much less pushback than pre-9/11.”

Abramson’s Concern

Mainstream media leaders are critical of the government’s aggressive posture, which they see as threatening First Amendment rights. At the annual conference of Investigative Reporters and Editors in June, New York Times executive editor Jill Abramson made the case that the very leaks that seemed to inflame officials the most were also the most essential.

“Cyberwarfare is a new battlefield, where there are no agreements regulating the use of malware viruses,” she said. “So doesn’t the public need the information to evaluate this new kind of battle, especially when it’s waged in its name? Furthermore, when the existence of drone and cyber attacks are widely known but officially classified, informed public discussion of critical questions is really stifled.”

There are in fact so many obvious, unanswered questions about both of these new weapons of warfare, most notably: What happens when other people use them on us, saying we set the precedent for their use? In the case of drones, does their use require a declaration of war or at least an authorization of the use of force? And how many civilians are they killing?

Abramson warned that “the chilling effect of leak prosecutions threatens to rob the public of vital information,” as sources fear legal retribution and reporters fear being subpoenaed and possibly even prosecuted themselves.

“Several reporters who have covered national security in Washington for decades tell me that the environment has never been tougher or information harder to dislodge,” Abramson said. “One Times reporter told me the environment in Washington has never been more hostile to reporting.”

The Drake Effect

One of the Obama administration’s early attempts to prosecute whistleblowers for espionage ended in defeat and disgrace. Prosecutors had filed 10 felony charges against Thomas Drake, a National Security Agency (NSA) whistleblower who allegedly provided classified information about mismanagement at the NSA to a Baltimore Sun reporter. But days before the trial was to start, the government dropped the charges and settled for Drake pleading guilty to a misdemeanor. The judge called Drake’s four-year persecution by the government “unconscionable” and said that it goes against “the very root of what this country was founded on against general warrants of the British.”

But Aftergood said the Drake case had a profound effect on the intelligence community nonetheless. “I think there’s a new level of paranoia within government about unauthorized contacts with the press,” he said. “In every significant sense, the government won, because it demonstrated the price of nonconformity.”

Drake agreed. “It was very clear that they wanted to send the most chilling of messages, and that chilling message has been received,” he said. Among former colleagues, Drake said, “there are those who will not talk to reportersand we’re not even talking leaking, we’re just talking talking.”

Ron Suskind, one of a handful of journalists who did exceptional national security reporting during the Bush eraparticularly in his 2006 book “The One Percent Doctrine: Deep Inside America’s Pursuit of Its Enemies Since 9/11″argues that the government’s strategies to prevent leaking have suddenly become much more aggressive and effective. “It’s making it more difficult to get that information the public truly needs to know,” he said.

The increased dependence on e-mail and the government’s enhanced surveillance abilities are also a factor, Suskind said. “In the old days, you could call someone up on their kitchen phone. You were pretty much OK unless [FBI director J. Edgar] Hoover knew which line to tap. Now you have to be extra careful.”

And Suskind said that the fear of getting caught is now heightened because so many intelligence officials are counting on entering the hugely lucrative world of intelligence contracting once they leave public service.

Before 9/11, the private intelligence/national security complex just “didn’t have that kind of money,” Suskind said. But now, it provides “the soft cushion that awaits almost every official inside government with a security clearance.”

The Government View

Justice Department spokesman Dean Boyd rejected the media narrative of a government assault on the press. “The media obviously is an interested partyor a biased partyin these matters,” he said.

“Whenever the Justice Department conducts an investigation relating to leaks of classified information to the media, it seeks to strike the proper balance between the important function of the press and law enforcement and national security imperatives,” Boyd said.

But, he insisted: “When classified information is improperly disclosed to the media by a person who has no authority to disclose it, that’s illegal.”

Boyd also denied that whistleblowers are being targeted. “On some of the cases, it’s clear that the officials that we’ve accused are not blowing the whistle on anything,” he said.

The six people the Obama administration has charged under the Espionage Act are Drake, who was definitely a whistleblower; Bradley Manning, the U.S. Army private accused of leaking thousands of documents to the website Wikileaks; John Kiriakou, a former CIA officer who spoke out about torture and is charged with allegedly disclosing the names of CIA officers and their role in interrogations to reporters; Jeffrey Sterling, a former CIA officer charged with leaking information about a botched plot against the Iranian government to The New York Times; Stephen Kim, a former U.S. State Department foreign policy analyst charged with disclosing information about North Korea’s nuclear program to a Fox News reporter; and Shamai Leibowitz, a former FBI linguist convicted in May 2010 of disclosing wiretaps of the Israeli Embassy in Washington to a blogger.

Fighting Secrecy

What’s as dangerous as the dearth of “unauthorized” leaks is the prevalence of the “authorized” kind. During the Bush years in particular, highly selective leaks from the vice president’s office regularly spread consequential and misleading national security information, through the conduit of devoted reporters.

After vice presidential aide I. Lewis “Scooter” Libby was found guilty of perjury and obstruction of justice related to the leak of Valerie Plame’s identity as a covert CIA operative, Mark Feldstein, a journalism professor at George Washington University, told the New York Times that the journalists involved were “not fearless advocates but supplicants, willing and even eager to be manipulated.”

Suskind said he thinks there need to be more reporters on the national security beat. “We are having trouble mustering the muscle, the bodies, to get the goods,” he said.

And they need to be tougher. Walter Pincus, the veteran national security reporter at The Washington Post, said modern news organizations are so eager to be seen as evenhanded that crusading journalism is frowned upon. “The industry has been mau-maued,” Pincus concluded. “We’ve been neutered.”

In the Spring 2008 issue of Nieman Reports, investigative reporter Ted Gup suggested that news organizations dedicate a beat to secrecy. Now, in order to create a cycle of repeated disclosures and sustained public interest in drones and cyberwarfare, perhaps reporters should be put on that beat full time.

Suskind said there would be a payoff from major national security revelations beyond the obvious public service. “The big disclosures still drive the global news cycle,” he said. And if news organizations are trying to differentiate themselves in the new media climate, well, “this is the way they get to prove their case that they’re still valuable that they’re indispensable.”

Dan Froomkin, who previously was deputy editor for NiemanWatchdog.org, writes about watchdog journalism for Nieman Reports. He is senior Washington correspondent for The Huffington Post.

(Thomas Drake, a former National Security Agency executive, is one of six people the Obama administration charged under the Espionage Act. Photo by Timothy Jacobsen/The Associated Press.)

Anti-Islam propagandists using names of Pakistani websites

Special report by Ch. Sajjad Ahmad: As everybody knows that Anti-Islam film has been released by some suspicious and criminal record holder American citizens. The outrage against USA and its filmmakers is at the peak in the whole Muslim world. But, a little impact on USA and its government is visible.

In order to further tease the Muslims in the world, a follow-up of the Anti-Islam film is initiated in the shape of suspicious e-mails. Many Pakistanis would have received Anti-Islam e-mails, especially in past few days. The e-mails would look like coming from some Pakistani website. One e-mail, which many Pakistani Internet users would have received seems like it has been sent from newsletter@accountancy.com.pk, (http://www.accountancy.com.pk).

When I have investigated the original source of the e-mails, which are allegedly coming from newsletter@accountancy.com.pk. I found out that Pakistan based website http://www.accountancy.com.pk has nothing to do with such e-mails. And that, the e-mails are coming directly from USA.

The investigations revealed that the e-mails are sent from anonymous e-mailer while using USA based hosting companies. The e-mailer tried to hide his identity by adding newsletter@accountancy.com.pk in his or her ‘Reply-To’ list.

All the emails from this particular e-mailer are coming from the IP address. 208.78.155.141. This IP address belong to the IP range starting from 208.78.155.0 to 208.78.155.255 and is the property of earthlinkclound.com, formerly known as LogicalSolutions.Net. The company is located in Pittsford (NY 14534) area of Rochester. Which is a border area of USA and Canada.

Earthlinkclound.com is an internet services provider company, which is providing Cloud Hosting, Collocation and Web Hosting services to its customers.

The further investigation revealed that this IP address, 208.78.155.141 is allocated to smtp-out-03.flarehosting.com. Flarehosting.com was merged with LogicalSolutions.Net back in 2008.

I have sent an e-mail to earthlinkcloud.com to obtain their point of view on this matter, but the company have not responded yet.

The information collected so far tells the story that someone has got his or her website hosted by earthlinkcloud.com and therefore, he is using their e-mail servers to send suspicious e-mails to various Pakistani e-mail addresses. In order to hide his identity, the sender of these Anti-Islam E-Mails is manipulating e-mail header to send fake e-mails.

Therefore, it is not necessary that the sender is Pakistan or US based. Anybody, who bought services from earthlinkcloud.com would have access to their servers and therefore, he is using those servers to send fake e-mails to Pakistanis and keeping his identity hidden.

In such a situation, the sole responsibility lies on USA based hosting companies and the US government to investigate the matter and make sure that their resources could not be used for the purpose of Cyber Terrorism.

USA not to be the second prison camp for Kashmiris

USA not to be the second prison camp for Kashmiris

USA not to be a second prison camp for KashmirisRawalpindi, MTT News Desk: The Rawalpindi based senior writer and analyst on Kashmir affairs, Ch. Sajjad Ahmad has strongly condemned the illegal arrest of renowned Kashmiri leader and the head of Kashmiri American Centre, Janab Syed Ghulam Nabi Fai in USA on fake charges of working for Pakistan’s top intelligence agency ISI.

Reacting on the sad news of arrest of Syed Ghulam Nabi Fai, Ch. Sajjad Ahmad said that this shocking news is a ajor blow to the peaceful struggle of liberation of jammu & Kashmir from Indian…

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